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Emphasizing the only character: Emphasis, attention and contrast
Chen, Lijing1,2; Yang, Yufang2
Source PublicationCOGNITION
AbstractIn conversations, pragmatic information such as emphasis is important for identifying the speaker's/writer's intention. The present research examines the cognitive processes involved in emphasis processing. Participants read short discourses that introduced one or two character(s), with the character being emphasized or non-emphasized in subsequent texts. Eye movements showed that: (1) early processing of the emphasized word was facilitated, which may have been due to increased attention allocation, whereas (2) late integration of the emphasized character was inhibited when the discourse involved only this character. These results indicate that it is necessary to include other characters as contrastive characters to facilitate the integration of an emphasized character, and support the existence of a relationship between Emphasis and Contrast computation. Taken together, our findings indicate that both attention allocation and contrast computation are involved in emphasis processing, and support the incremental nature of sentence processing and the importance of contrast in discourse comprehension. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
KeywordEmphasis Attention Allocation Contrast Focus "shi" Eye Movement
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WOS IDWOS:000349882600021
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Cited Times:6[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Fujian Normal Univ, Dept Psychol, Fuzhou, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chen, Lijing,Yang, Yufang. Emphasizing the only character: Emphasis, attention and contrast[J]. COGNITION,2015,136(0):222-227.
APA Chen, Lijing,&Yang, Yufang.(2015).Emphasizing the only character: Emphasis, attention and contrast.COGNITION,136(0),222-227.
MLA Chen, Lijing,et al."Emphasizing the only character: Emphasis, attention and contrast".COGNITION 136.0(2015):222-227.
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