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“啊哈!”和“哈哈!”:顿悟与幽默的脑认知成分比较
Alternative Title"Aha!" and "Haha!": The Common and Distinct Cognitive Brain Processes Underlying Insight and Humor
聂其阳1,2; 罗劲1,3
2012
Source Publication心理科学进展
Correspondent Emailluoj@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1671-3710
Subtype期刊论文
Volume20Issue:2Pages:219-227
Contribution Rank1
Abstract作为人类智能的高级表现形式,顿悟和幽默存在诸多共同之处。从认知和情感组成上看,顿悟的非连续性、突发性、重构和惊讶,对应于幽默的失谐、失谐探测、失谐消解和愉悦,两者存在表征机制的重叠。神经机制的研究发现,顿悟和幽默的心理事件都伴随着400ms左右的额中央区负波(N400)以及前扣带回、顶颞叶联合区和前额叶等脑区的活动;同时顿悟和幽默在P300成分以及海马、右侧前部颞上回等脑区活动上存在差异。未来可借鉴幽默的认知和情感成份的脑成像研究范式,进一步探明顿悟过程的认知和情感组成。 
Other AbstractAs high-level forms of human intelligence, there are many things in common between insight and humor. From the prospective of cognitive and affective components, the discontinuity, suddenness, and restructuring of insight are corresponding to the incongruity, incongruity detection, and incongruity resolution of humor, overlapped representational mechanisms between insight and humor were demonstrated. From the prospective of neural mechanisms, psychological events of insight and humor were both accompanied by the ERP negativity around 400 ms in the central frontal region, and activated anterior cingulate cortex, temporoparietal junction and prefrontal cortex. There were also differences between insight and humor in the P300 component and brain activation in the hippocampus and right-hemisphere anterior superior temporal gyrus. In the future, we can learn from the brain imaging research paradigm used in the study of cognitive and affective components of humor, to further demystify cognitive and emotional processing in insight.
Keyword顿悟 幽默 重构 失谐 N400 前扣带回(ACC)
Subject Area认知心理学
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:4448147
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/14311
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding Author罗劲
Affiliation1.中国科学院心理研究所心理健康重点实验室
2.中国科学院研究生院
3.首都师范大学学习与认知实验室
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
聂其阳,罗劲. “啊哈!”和“哈哈!”:顿悟与幽默的脑认知成分比较[J]. 心理科学进展,2012,20(2):219-227.
APA 聂其阳,&罗劲.(2012).“啊哈!”和“哈哈!”:顿悟与幽默的脑认知成分比较.心理科学进展,20(2),219-227.
MLA 聂其阳,et al."“啊哈!”和“哈哈!”:顿悟与幽默的脑认知成分比较".心理科学进展 20.2(2012):219-227.
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