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“时间窗”—— 认知加工的后勤基础
Alternative Title"Temporal Windows" as Logistical Basis for Cognitive Processing
Ernst Pppel1; 包燕1; 周斌1
2011
Source Publication心理科学进展
Correspondent Emailbaoyan@pku.edu.cn
ISSN1671-3710
Subtype期刊论文
Volume19Issue:6Pages:775-793
Contribution Rank3
Abstract时间加工是认知加工的内在属性。因此,理解发生在知觉或更广泛的认知过程中的时间加工极为重要。为了应对中枢信息加工所面临的外部挑战,大脑显然已形成了一些用于整合信息的特殊时间窗。已经发现,其中一个时间窗介于数十毫秒的范围内,它用于为意识活动产生必要的建构单元。来自反应时、时序阈限以及神经元结构振荡反应的研究为该时间窗的存在提供了实证证据。另一个时间窗的作用范围是2~3秒,它用于产生"主观现在感"或作为使知觉体的标识保持不变的时间整合区间。支持该窗口存在的实验证据来自时距再现、两可图形、感觉运动同步以及神经生理学研究。还有一种时间窗以昼夜节律的形式存在。所有的心理和生理功能似乎都有着24小时的周期性变化。时间窗的紊乱会以神经或精神疾病的形式表现出来,这恰恰表明了在基础研究之外对时间加工进行研究的重要性。
Other AbstractTemporal processing is an intrinsic feature of cognitive processing. Thus, it is important to have an understanding about temporal processing in perception or cognition in general. To overcome some extrinsic challenges in central information processing, the brain has apparently developed special temporal windows within which information is integrated. One such window has been found in the range of some tens of milliseconds, and it serves to create the necessary building blocks for conscious activity. Empirical evidence comes from studies on reaction time, temporal order threshold or oscillatory responses in neuronal structures. Another temporal window operates in the range of two to three seconds and it serves to create the "subjective presence", or temporal integration intervals within which the identity of percepts is maintained. Empirical evidence comes from studies on the reproduction of time intervals, ambiguous figures, sensorimotor synchronization or neurophysiological research. Another kind of temporal window is given with the diurnal rhythms; all psychological or physiological functions show apparently a 24-hour variability. Disturbances in temporal windows may show up in neurological or psychiatric diseases indicating the importance of studies in temporal processing beyond basic research.
Keyword时间知觉 顺序阈限 反应时 神经元振荡 昼夜节律
Subject Area认知心理学
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Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/14343
Collection认知与发展心理学研究室
Corresponding Author包燕
Affiliation1.德国慕尼黑大学医学心理研究所及人类科学中心
2.北京大学心理学系及机器感知与智能教育部重点实验室
3.中国科学院心理研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Ernst Pppel,包燕,周斌. “时间窗”—— 认知加工的后勤基础[J]. 心理科学进展,2011,19(6):775-793.
APA Ernst Pppel,包燕,&周斌.(2011).“时间窗”—— 认知加工的后勤基础.心理科学进展,19(6),775-793.
MLA Ernst Pppel,et al."“时间窗”—— 认知加工的后勤基础".心理科学进展 19.6(2011):775-793.
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