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3岁听障与健听儿童叙事中主动发问能力比较
其他题名A Comparative Study of Ability to Raise Questions Initiatively in Narratives of Typical Children and Hearing-impaired Children at Age 3
申敏1; 李甦1
2011
发表期刊听力学及言语疾病杂志
通讯作者邮箱lis@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1006-7299
文章类型期刊论文
卷号19期号:6页码:501-505
产权排序2
摘要目的探讨汉语3岁听障与健听儿童在自发叙事中主动发问能力的特点。方法对3岁听障儿童16名(语言年龄达到3岁)和同龄健听儿童14名采用图画引发叙事技术,分别测查其在自发叙事中发问的频次、特定类型问题的数量和发问人数百分比,并作统计学比较。结果 3岁听障儿童在叙事中主动发问的频次和发问人数百分比均显著低于同龄健听儿童(P<0.05)。健听儿童提出的问题为10种,主要为"是什么"、"干什么"类型的问句和原因问句,呈现出多样化的特点,问题的内容多涉及人物之间的复杂关系等;而听障儿童提出的问题类型仅有4种,主要关注的问题局限于较窄的范围,如单一的人、物或事件本身(如"是什么"、"怎么了")。此外,听障儿童"干什么"问句(P<0.05)、"是什么"问句(P
其他摘要Objective The present study investigates the ability of raising questions initiatively in Chinese hearing-impaired children by contrasting their normal hearing counterparts during picture-elicited narratives.Methods The frequency of questioning and the number of children for raising the certain type of questions during picture-elicited narratives were analyzed.The subjects were sixteen 3-year-old hearing-impaired children whose language ability was assessed as about 3 year olds and fourteen normal hearing normal counterparts.Results Both the frequency and the number of children for raising the certain type of question during narratives in hearing-impaired children were significantly lower than that of their normal hearing counterparts(P0.05).Moreover,the hearing-impaired children asked fewer(4 types) and simpler(eg "what is it" and "what's up") questions than that of the normal hearing children(10 types),which consisting primarily of "what is it","doing what" and "why" questions and being involved in the complicated relations between different objects.Finally,the number of questions and the number of children for raising questions about "doing what"(P0.05),"what is it"(P0.05)and "where"(P=0.09)in hearing-impaired children were clearly lower. Conclusion The study showed that the ability of raising questions initiatively in Chinese hearing-impaired children aged 3 is delayed during picture-elicited narratives.It is possible related to the deficient of language input with the hearing impairment and the inappropriate language environment that the parents have built.
关键词听障儿童 叙事 发问 语用发展 汉语普通话
学科领域发展心理学
URL查看原文
收录类别CSCD
语种中文
项目资助者国家自然科学基金资助项目(30870779)
CSCD记录号CSCD:4361747
引用统计
被引频次:1[CSCD]   [CSCD记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/14357
专题应用研究版块
通讯作者李甦
作者单位1.中国聋儿康复研究中心
2.中国科学院心理研究所
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
申敏,李甦. 3岁听障与健听儿童叙事中主动发问能力比较[J]. 听力学及言语疾病杂志,2011,19(6):501-505.
APA 申敏,&李甦.(2011).3岁听障与健听儿童叙事中主动发问能力比较.听力学及言语疾病杂志,19(6),501-505.
MLA 申敏,et al."3岁听障与健听儿童叙事中主动发问能力比较".听力学及言语疾病杂志 19.6(2011):501-505.
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