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爱情的神经生理机制
Alternative TitleNew insights into the neurophysiological mechanism of romantic love
付阳1; 周媛1; 梁竹苑1; 李纾1
2012
Source Publication科学通报
Correspondent Emaillishu@psych.ac.cn
ISSN0023-074X
Subtype期刊论文
Volume57Issue:35Pages:3376-3383
Contribution Rank1
Abstract爱情是一种跨文化普遍存在的现象.从20世纪90年代以来,爱情已经成为神经生物学、认知神经科学、心理学等多学科的新研究焦点.对爱情及其相关行为的脑功能成像研究发现,爱情主要激活奖赏环路,尤其是腹侧被盖区和尾状核;抑制与社会判断、负性情绪有关的脑区活动,如外侧前额叶皮层、后扣带皮层、杏仁核等.这提示爱情并不是一种单一情绪,而是一种类似于金钱奖赏的激励动机;同时爱情会降低人们对所爱对象的社会判断力.爱情所激活和抑制的脑区既有跨文化的一致性,也有差异性.另一方面,爱情也会导致人体内多种激素和神经递质的变化,包括皮质醇、多巴胺、五羟色胺、后叶催产素和加压素、神经生长因子等.最后,我们从爱情的测量方法、研究手段以及爱情对行为决策的可能影响等方面,讨论了爱情领域未来研究的可能方向.
Other AbstractRomantic love is a cross-cultural phenomenon and a major focus of current neurobiology and cognitive neuropsychology since the 1990s. The paper first reviews literature about functional neuroimaging of romantic love and its related social behaviors. Several studies have consistently found that the brain regions activated by romantic love are part of the reward circuit, especially the ventral tegmental area and the caudate, while the deactivated regions mainly involve regions often implicated in social judgment and negative emotion, including the lateral prefrontal and parietal cortices, the posterior cingulate cortex, and the amygdala. These findings suggest that on the one hand, love is a reward and motivation, not a single emotion; on the other hand, romantic love will decrease a person’s judgment ability towards the loved person. Both cross-cultural consistency and inconsistency are reported in brain activation and deactivation for romantic love. Additionally, this paper reviews the findings related to hormones and neurotransmitters in those participants who were in love. Finally, research methods employed to study romantic love are discussed, and future directions for further development are proposed.
Keyword爱情 脑功能成像 激素 神经递质
Subject Area生理心理学/生物心理学 ; 情绪心理学
URL查看原文
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
Funding Organization国家重点基础研究发展计划(2011CB711000) ; 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KSCX2-EW-J-8) ; 北京市重点学科建设项目资助
CSCD IDCSCD:4718688
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/14383
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding Author李纾
Affiliation1.中国科学院心理研究所行为科学重点实验室
2.中国科学院大学
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
付阳,周媛,梁竹苑,等. 爱情的神经生理机制[J]. 科学通报,2012,57(35):3376-3383.
APA 付阳,周媛,梁竹苑,&李纾.(2012).爱情的神经生理机制.科学通报,57(35),3376-3383.
MLA 付阳,et al."爱情的神经生理机制".科学通报 57.35(2012):3376-3383.
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