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本土化人格特质与工作绩效的关系:线性与非线性
其他题名The Relationships between Indigenous Personality Traits and Job Performance: Linear and Nonlinear
张珊珊1; 周明洁1; 陈爽1; 张建新1
2012
发表期刊心理科学
通讯作者邮箱zhangjx@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1671-6981
文章类型期刊论文
卷号35期号:6页码:1440-1444
产权排序1
摘要采用跨文化(中国人)个性测量表(Cross-Cultural[Chinese]PersonalityAssessmentInventory,简称CPAI-2)对182名服务企业员工进行本土化人格特质测查,并同时获得其直接上级主管对他/她工作绩效的评定。目的是探讨本土化人格特质与工作绩效之间的关系模式(线性或非线性)。结果表明:和谐性与工作绩效具有正向的线性关系;面子与工作绩效具有倒U曲线关系;人情与工作绩效具有正U曲线关系;其他本土化人格特质与工作绩效的关系均不显著。
其他摘要Chinese personality traits have unique differences from other cultures due to China's special geography and collectivist cultural background. Therefore, the philosophy of localization was accepted and advocated by more and more Chinese psychologists. Meanwhile, the nonlinear relationships between personality traits and job performance have been found in some studies. These results transformed the traditional top - down strategy into double strategies for the applications of personality tests in the psychology of personnel management. However, there was no research to combine the linear and nonlinear models to examine the relationships between indigenous personality traits and job performance in the Chinese work setting. In the current study, we explored the linear and/or nonlinear reationships between indigenous personality traits and job performance. The participants were 182 service employees from several service industries in Beijing, and the immediate supervisors of the respondents provided ratings of their job performance and returned independently to the interviewers. The ratings of job performance were self - compiled based on job analysis and in - depth interview. Confirmatory factor analysis found that the one - factor performance model had a better fit (χ2 = 27.79, df = 8, CFI = . 95, NF1 = . 93, RMSEA = . 07), and the coefficient alpha was . 85. Meanwhile, the nine subscales from CPAI -2 were selected to assess the indigenous personality traits: face (FAC), family orientation (FAM), defensiveness (DEF), graciousness vs. meanness (G_M), veraciousness vs. slickness (V_S), traditionalism vs. modernity (T_M), renqing (REN), harmony (HAR) and thrift vs. extravagance (T_E). The mean Cronbach's coefficient for the entire set of personality scales was . 70 in the representative normal sample in Chinese mainland and Hong Kong. The data were analyzed with SPSS 15.0, and the main statistical methods were correlation analysis and hierarchical polynomial regression analysis. The results were as follow: (1) HAR and job performance had a positive linear relationship(ilL = . 16, p 〈 . 05 ), the results were similar to the previous studies, and confirmed the importance of harmonious relationship in Chinese culture. (2) FAC and job performance had a reversed - U curve relationship(flQ = -. 22, p 〈 . 05 ) , indicating that compared to those who were low in "lace" scores, those scoring high on "face" tended to do well on the job, and therefore were likely to achieve better performance via their personal efforts to 'save face" through hard work. However, after a certain point (ZrAc = -. 07), excessively avoiding losing face in advance or mending lost face after the fact may no longer be helpful to score favorably on job performance. (3) REN and job performanee had a letter U curve relationship (βQ = . 15, p 〈 . 05 ), indicating that the low and high scores on the renqing scales had a better performance. This is not consistent with our expectation, because of the personality traits and job performance usually showed a reversed - U curve in previous studies. The current results may be due to the special status of renqing in Chinese society. In the end, we pointed out that the results should be repeated in different samples and jobs before generalization can be reached.
关键词人格特质 本土化 工作绩效 线性 非线性
学科领域人格心理学 ; 工业与组织心理学
URL查看原文
收录类别CSCD
语种中文
项目资助者本研究得到国家自然科学基金项目(70801060,70971126)的资助.
CSCD记录号CSCD:4731824
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/14398
专题中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
通讯作者张建新
作者单位1.中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
2.中国科学院心理研究所
3.中国科学院研究生院
第一作者单位中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
通讯作者单位中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
张珊珊,周明洁,陈爽,等. 本土化人格特质与工作绩效的关系:线性与非线性[J]. 心理科学,2012,35(6):1440-1444.
APA 张珊珊,周明洁,陈爽,&张建新.(2012).本土化人格特质与工作绩效的关系:线性与非线性.心理科学,35(6),1440-1444.
MLA 张珊珊,et al."本土化人格特质与工作绩效的关系:线性与非线性".心理科学 35.6(2012):1440-1444.
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