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不同阅读材料对焦虑的缓解作用
Alternative TitleEffects of different reading materials on easing anxiety
张熙1,2; 毕鸿燕1; 赵笑梅3
2012
Source Publication中国心理卫生杂志
Correspondent Emailbihy@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1000-6729
Subtype期刊论文
Volume26Issue:2Pages:157-160
Contribution Rank1
Abstract目的:探讨不同阅读材料对于焦虑的缓解作用。方法:以自愿方式招募175名普通学生(17~24岁),首先用高难度任务唤起被试的焦虑状态,然后随机将被试分为实验组和对照组,分别阅读领悟类和信息类的文字材料。通过情绪Stroop范式测量两组被试的焦虑水平。采用2×2实验设计,其中阅读材料为被试间因素,包括领悟类和信息类;词汇类型为被试内因素,包括积极词汇和消极词汇。结果:领悟组被试对积极词的反应时短于对消极词的反应时(P0.05)。结论:研究提示,领悟类材料比信息类材料更有助于缓解焦虑情绪。; Objective: To investigate the effects of reading different materials on easing the test anxiety. Methods: Totally 175 students aged 17 -24 were selected as subjects. After their test anxiety emotions being aroused by highly difficult task, they were randomly divided into realization group and information group to read text types of realization and information, respectively. Then, the two groups were surveyed by the Emotional Stroop task to test the anxiety level. A 2 × 2 experimental design was used, with text types as between-subject factor ( including realization and information texts) and words in stroop task as within-subject factor (including positive and negative words). Results: The students in the realization group reacted faster to positive words than to negative words [ (511.5 ±127.0) ms vs. (523. 2 ± 140. 8) ms, P 〈 0. 05], while there were no statistic significances in the information group (P 〉0. 05). The students in the realization group felt less anxiety than the information group (P 〈0. 05) Conclusion: It suggested that realization materials have more easing effects on students'test anxiety than information materials.
Keyword阅读材料 测验焦虑 情绪Stroop范式
Subject Area情绪心理学
URL查看原文
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金(30970910)
CSCD IDCSCD:4512766
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/14421
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding Author毕鸿燕
Affiliation1.中国科学院心理研究所行为科学所重点实验室
2.中国科学院研究生院
3.河北师范大学
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
张熙,毕鸿燕,赵笑梅. 不同阅读材料对焦虑的缓解作用[J]. 中国心理卫生杂志,2012,26(2):157-160.
APA 张熙,毕鸿燕,&赵笑梅.(2012).不同阅读材料对焦虑的缓解作用.中国心理卫生杂志,26(2),157-160.
MLA 张熙,et al."不同阅读材料对焦虑的缓解作用".中国心理卫生杂志 26.2(2012):157-160.
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