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Alternative TitleSocial Support for Urban-to-urban Social Support for Urban-to-urban Migrants: Characteristics and Gender Differences: Characteristics and Gender DifferencesSocial Support for Urban-to-urban Migrants: Characteristics and Gender Differences
付玉娟1; 郭菲1; 陈祉妍1
Source Publication中国临床心理学杂志
Contribution Rank1
Abstract目的:探讨城-城移民社会支持的特征及性别差异。方法:数据取自2007年国民心理健康状况调查数据库,对1258名城-城移民,565名农-城移民和3175名本地居民的社会支持进行比较。结果:控制年龄、受教育程度、收入水平、婚姻状况和有无子女的情况下,身份主效应、身份与性别的交互效应均显著。城-城移民的社会支持显著低于本地居民,农-城移民与其它两组均无显著差异。对于男性,城-城移民、农-城移民和本地居民的社会支持无显著差异;对于女性,城-城移民的社会支持显著低于本地居民,农-城移民与其它两组均无显著差异。控制年龄的情况下,城-城移民不同异地居住时间组的社会支持差异显著,农-城移民则差异不显著。城-城移民异地居住时间5年以下组的社会支持显著低于11-20年和21年以上组,6-10年组显著低于11-20年组。结论:城-城移民的社会支持偏低,主要是由于女性缺乏社会支持。随着异地居住时间的延长,城-城移民的社会支持会得到提升。; Objective: To explore the characteristics and gender differences of social support for urban-to-urban migrants.Methods: Data were derived from the 2007 Chinese Mental Health Survey Database.The level of social support of 1258 urban-to-urban migrants was compared with that of 565 rural-to-urban migrants and 3175 local urban residents.Results: After controlling age,education level,monthly income,marital status,having children or not,it was found that there was a significant main effect of migrant status and a significant interaction effect between migrant status and gender on the level of social support.Social support for urban-to-urban migrants was significantly lower than that of local urban residents,whereas there were no significant differences for rural-to-urban migrants compared with the two other groups.As for males,there were no significant differences among the three groups;for females,urban-to-urban migrants had a significantly lower level of social support than their local urban counterparts,with no significant differences between female rural-to-urban migrants and the two other groups.After controlling age,it was found that the length of residence in the current location was significantly related to social support for urban-to-urban migrants but not for rural-to-urban migrants.Those residing in the current location for no more than 5 years had a significantly lower social support level than people living in the current location for more than 11 years.For those living in the current location for 6-10 years,the level of social support was significantly lower than that of people who had been living in their current location for 11-20 years.Conclusion: Urban-to-urban migrants perceive a lower level of social support,primarily because the social support level for females is insufficient.The social support level for urban-to-urban migrants gradually rises while the length of residence in the current location increases.
Keyword社会支持 性别差异 移民 城-城移民 农-城移民
Subject Area社会心理学
Indexed ByCSCD
Funding Organization中国科学院心理研究所青年科学基金(07CX091009)
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding Author陈祉妍
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
付玉娟,郭菲,陈祉妍. 城-城移民社会支持的特征及性别差异[J]. 中国临床心理学杂志,2012,20(1):84-88.
APA 付玉娟,郭菲,&陈祉妍.(2012).城-城移民社会支持的特征及性别差异.中国临床心理学杂志,20(1),84-88.
MLA 付玉娟,et al."城-城移民社会支持的特征及性别差异".中国临床心理学杂志 20.1(2012):84-88.
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