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Alternative TitleThe Study of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder on the Driving Related Cognitive Abilities
崔陈福1; 孙向红1; 张侃1
Source Publication人类工效学
Contribution Rank1
Abstract以往研究表明,创伤后应激障碍(Posttraumatic Stress Disorder,PTSD)患者存在着一定的认知障碍,这些认知障碍可能对于患者的驾驶成绩产生一定的影响。本文从注意广度、空间记忆广度、多目标追踪、视觉搜索以及速度估计五个方面对PTSD患者的驾驶相关能力进行了研究。实验采用对照组研究范式,对比了PTSD患者与正常被试的驾驶相关能力。结果发现PTSD患者的空间记忆广度受到了影响,显著的差于正常被试,但是在多目标追踪能力上,PTSD患者反而优于正常对照组。而注意广度、视觉搜索以及速度估计则没有显著差异。研究结果为PTSD患者的诊疗与干预提供了理论依据。
Other AbstractThe previous studies had showed that the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder(PTSD) patients were impaired in cognitive abilities,which may have some impacts on driving performance.The present study assessed the effects of visual search,attention span,spatial working memory span,multi-target tracking and speed estimated on driving-related abilities of the PTSD patients.Using the control group experimental paradigm,we compared the driving-related abilities between PTSD patients and normal subjects.The results showed that the PTSD patients,impaired in spatial memory span,were also actually significantly worse than normal subjects on spatial working memory span test,while performed significantly better than normal subjects in multi-target tracking test.And there were no difference in attention span,visual search and speed estimated performance between these two groups.The results of this study provide a theoretical basis for the PTSD patients' treatment and intervention.
KeywordPTSD 驾驶 认知能力 空间记忆广 多目标追踪
Subject Area创伤心理学
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金(90924017) ; 国家自然科学基金(30670701)
Document Type期刊论文
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
崔陈福,孙向红,张侃. 创伤后应激障碍患者驾驶相关认知能力研究[J]. 人类工效学,2011,17(2):41958.
APA 崔陈福,孙向红,&张侃.(2011).创伤后应激障碍患者驾驶相关认知能力研究.人类工效学,17(2),41958.
MLA 崔陈福,et al."创伤后应激障碍患者驾驶相关认知能力研究".人类工效学 17.2(2011):41958.
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