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从风险决策中的多次博弈到单次博弈:量变还是质变?
Alternative TitleFrom Multiple-play to Single-play in Risky Decision Making:Quantitative Change or Qualitative Change?
孙红月1; 苏寅1; 周坤1; 李纾1
2011
Source Publication心理科学进展
Correspondent Emaillishu@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1671-3710
Subtype期刊论文
Volume19Issue:10Pages:1417-1425
Contribution Rank1
Abstract诺贝尔经济学奖获得者Samuelson于1963年发现人们在单次和多次博弈条件下决策行为不一致。文章综述了两种博弈条件下人们决策行为的差异并质疑了这种差异的传统理论解释机制。描述或预测决策行为的风险决策理论其实只采用了一种评价法则——期望法则,始终没有跳出"最大化"的窠臼。基于实验证据,我们推测,多次博弈时人们遵守了期望法则,而单次博弈时人们所遵循的是非补偿性法则。从多次博弈到单次博弈,不单单是一种博弈次数上的变化(量变),而是代表了从期望法则(补偿性法则)到非补偿性法则两种策略之间的转变(质变)。最后,文章介绍了单次、多次博弈问题在医疗、应急管理以及投资领域的体现,并呼吁更多的研究者关注单次、多次博弈问题。
Other AbstractIn risky decision making,the subtle interplay between single-play and multiple-play is well illustrated by the literature that has followed an early paper by Paul Samuelson(1963).The article summarized the difference between responses for single-play and multiple-play and questioned traditional theoretical explanations.Most risky decision-making theories are based on the same assumption:a rational decision maker behaves as if he or she were attempting to maximize some kind of expectation.However,based on a combination of research evidence,maybe we could infer that the multiple-play and single-play gambles were in fact so utterly different that the short run one was perhaps not based on the expectation rule.From multiple-play to single-play,it is likely to represent a strategy shift from expectation rule to non-compensatory rule(qualitative change) rather than pure change on the number of gamble times(quantitative change).The status and perspectives on the applied researches of multiple-play were introduced and the research prospect was put forward as well.
Keyword多次博弈 单次博弈 风险决策 期望法则
Subject Area认知心理学
URL查看原文
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
Funding Organization国家重点基础研究发展计划(2011CB711002) ; 国家自然科学基金面上项目(70871110) ; 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KSCX2-EW-J-8) ; 北京市重点学科建设项目资助
CSCD IDCSCD:4351504
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/14473
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding Author李纾
Affiliation1.中国科学院心理研究所行为科学重点实验室
2.中国科学院研究生院
3.中国民航大学安全科学与工程学院
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
孙红月,苏寅,周坤,等. 从风险决策中的多次博弈到单次博弈:量变还是质变?[J]. 心理科学进展,2011,19(10):1417-1425.
APA 孙红月,苏寅,周坤,&李纾.(2011).从风险决策中的多次博弈到单次博弈:量变还是质变?.心理科学进展,19(10),1417-1425.
MLA 孙红月,et al."从风险决策中的多次博弈到单次博弈:量变还是质变?".心理科学进展 19.10(2011):1417-1425.
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