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对称场景中朝向一致性对内在参照系的影响
其他题名The Effect of Orientation Coincidence of Objects on Intrinsic Frame of Reference System in Symmetrical Scene
李晶1; 张侃1
2011
发表期刊心理学报
通讯作者邮箱zhangk@psych.ac.cn
ISSN0439-755X
文章类型期刊论文
卷号43期号:3页码:221-228
产权排序2
摘要采用部分场景再认范式研究了对称场景中物体朝向的一致性对内在参照系建立的影响。被试在实验1中沿对称轴方向学习无朝向物体组成的场景;实验2中沿对称轴方向学习有朝向物体组成的场景;实验3中沿对称轴与物体朝向方向学习与实验2相同的场景。结果表明:(1)物体朝向一致性影响了对称场景中内在参照方向的选择;(2)无论是否存在观察视点的干扰,观察者选择对称轴和物体的一致朝向作为内在参照方向的可能性没有显著差异。
其他摘要Intrinsic frame of reference system theory is a newly-developed theory in spatial memory researches.It suggests that when people learn locations of objects in a new environment,they are inclined to mentally represent a layout of objects according to a frame of reference system defined by the collection of objects.Many studies have proven that the dominant axis of intrinsic frame of reference may differ from their egocentric orientation.But there was few research in intrinsic frame of reference system theory on the effect of orientation information provided by the objects themselves in the scene.This research focused on the effect of orientation coincidence of objects in environment on people's construction of intrinsic frame of reference system and hypothesized the coincident orientation of objects would be one of the choices of the dominant axis in intrinsic frame of reference system in symmetrical scene.53 undergraduates took part in three experiments.In Experiment 1,participants stood at 0 degree facing the axis of symmetry and learned a symmetrical scene that was composed by balls with no apparent headings.In Experiment 2,participants stood at 0 degree and learned a symmetrical scene composed by toy bears with their faces orienting 315 degree,which was different from the axis of symmetry.In Experiment 3,participants stood at 0 and 315 degree and learned the same scene as that in Experiment 2.After learning,the participants needed to finish triplet recognition task in each experiment.In the task,they were required to judge if the directional relationship in these triplets were the same as the learned scene.The correct response latencies to the targets were analyzed by ANOVA.In Experiment 1,when the objects in scenes had no apparent headings,the results of repeated measures showed the mean response latency to triplets including the direction of axis of symmetry was significantly shorter than that not including the direction.In Experiment 2,when the objects in scenes had apparent headings and they all oriented the direction different from the axis of symmetry,the difference between the mean response latencies to triplets including the axis of symmetry and including the coincident orientation of objects was not significant.This result was different from the significant difference found in Experiment 1.In Experiment 3,the difference between mean response latencies to triplets including the axis of symmetry and including the coincident orientation of objects was still not significant.The result was the same as that found in Experiment 2,even if the scene was learned from both the axis of symmetry and the coincident orientation of objects to eliminate the possible interference of learning viewpoint.Results indicate that orientation coincidence of objects in symmetrical scenes affects the construction of intrinsic frame of reference system.However,there is no significant difference between the symmetry axis and the coincident orientation in the chances to be the dominant axis of intrinsic frame of reference system.
关键词朝向一致性 内在参照系 对称轴 观察视点 部分场景再认
学科领域认知心理学
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收录类别CSCD
语种中文
项目资助者中国博士后基金资助(20100481162)
CSCD记录号CSCD:4157789
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/14517
专题社会与工程心理学研究室
通讯作者张侃
作者单位1.南京师范大学教育科学学院
2.中国科学院心理研究所
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李晶,张侃. 对称场景中朝向一致性对内在参照系的影响[J]. 心理学报,2011,43(3):221-228.
APA 李晶,&张侃.(2011).对称场景中朝向一致性对内在参照系的影响.心理学报,43(3),221-228.
MLA 李晶,et al."对称场景中朝向一致性对内在参照系的影响".心理学报 43.3(2011):221-228.
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