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儿童青少年饮食自我效能感及健康行为调查
其他题名Diet-related self-efficacy and healthy behaviors in children and adolescents of Guizhou province
熊敏1; 朱莉琪1
2013
发表期刊中国公共卫生
通讯作者邮箱zhulq@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1001-0580
文章类型期刊论文
卷号29期号:9页码:1276-1278
产权排序1
摘要目的了解贵州省儿童青少年饮食相关行为自我效能感和健康饮食行为现状,为科学开展健康教育及促进健康饮食行为提供依据。方法采用自行设计儿童青少年饮食相关行为自我效能感调查表和健康饮食行为调查表对贵州省9所学校1 398名在校中小学生(非住校生)进行问卷调查。结果贵州省省会和县级以下地区儿童青少年饮食相关行为自我效能感得分分别为(2.08±0.72)和(2.00±0.61)分,≤12和>12周岁年龄段儿童青少年得分分别为(2.08±0.63)和(2.01±0.69)分,差异均有统计学意义(P12周岁年龄段儿童青少年得分分别为(2.29±0.93)和(2.52±0.87)分,小学、初中及高中生得分分别为(2.33±0.95)、(2.28±0.92)和(2.53±0.87)分,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01或P<0.001)。结论贵州省省会和县级以下地区中小学生与饮食相关行为自我效能感和健康饮食行为存在差异,应有针对性开展教育和干预工作,促进儿童青少年形成健康饮食行为。
其他摘要Objective To investigate diet-related self-efficacy and healthy behaviors in children and adolescents and to provide basis for health education and promotion on healthy diet behaviors. Methods Self-designed questionnaires for self-efficacy and healthy diet behaviors were used among 1 398 students from nine primary and secondary schools in Guizhou province. Results The diet-related self-efficacy was different for the children and adolescents of different resi- dential areas ,with the score of 2.08 ±0.72 for the students from provincial capital areas and 2. 013 ±0. 61 for those from the county areas. The score of diet-related self-efficacy was 2. 08 ± 0. 63 for the students older than 12 years and 2. 01 ± 0. 69 for those at the age of 12 years or younger, with statistically significant difference(P 〈 0. 05 ). The scores of healthy diet behaviors were 2. 67 ± 0.90 for the students from provincial capital areas and 2.05 ± 0.92 for those from county areas; the score was 2. 26 ± 0. 94 for the male students and 2. 45 ± 0. 99 for the female students ; the scores were 2. 29 ± 0. 93 for the students aged 12 years or younger and 2. 52 ±0. 87 for the students less than 12 years old. The healthy diet score was 2. 33 ± 0. 95,2. 28 ± 0. 92 ,and 2. 53 ± 0. 87 for primary school ,junior high school, and senior high school students ,repec- tively, with significant differerences ( P 〈 0. 01 or P 〈 0. 001 ). There was a significant positive correlation ( r = 0. 202, P 〈 0. 001 )between diet-related self-efficacy and healthy behavior in the children and adolescents. Conclusion The diet- related self-efficacy and healthy behaviors are different for the children and adolescents from provincial capital areas and from county areas. Specific education and intervention on diet-related self-efficacy and healthy diet behavior should be implemented among the students
关键词儿童青少年 自我效能感 健康饮食行为
学科领域发展心理学
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收录类别CSCD
语种中文
项目资助者贵州省教育厅基金(F2011-3)
CSCD记录号CSCD:4942220
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/14530
专题认知与发展心理学研究室
通讯作者朱莉琪
作者单位1.中国科学院心理研究所发展与教育心理研究室
2.中国科学院大学
3.贵阳医学院公共卫生学院妇幼卫生教研室
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GB/T 7714
熊敏,朱莉琪. 儿童青少年饮食自我效能感及健康行为调查[J]. 中国公共卫生,2013,29(9):1276-1278.
APA 熊敏,&朱莉琪.(2013).儿童青少年饮食自我效能感及健康行为调查.中国公共卫生,29(9),1276-1278.
MLA 熊敏,et al."儿童青少年饮食自我效能感及健康行为调查".中国公共卫生 29.9(2013):1276-1278.
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