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汉语口语句子产生的语法编码计划单元
其他题名Grammatical Planning Scope in Sentence Production: Evidence from Chinese Sentences
赵黎明1; 杨玉芳1
2013
发表期刊心理学报
通讯作者邮箱yangyf@psych.ac.cn
ISSN0439-755X
文章类型期刊论文
卷号45期号:6页码:599-613
产权排序1
摘要语法编码的计划单元作为口语句子产生领域的一个重要命题,近年来备受心理语言学者的关注。本研究利用词图干扰范式下的语义效应,通过两个行为实验探讨了汉语口语句子产生中的语法编码计划单元。实验中要求被试用介词短语做主语的句子或者并列名词短语做主语的句子来命名两个竖直排列的图片,并视觉呈现干扰词。结果表明,对于两个句式而言,在第二个名词上都没有潜伏期的语义干扰效应,只有错误率上的语义干扰效应,而且这个结果并没有随着SOA(目标图片和干扰词开始呈现的时间间隔)的改变(0、150或300ms)而改变。当干扰词与图片同时呈现时(SOA=0)在并列名词短语做主语的句子中,第二个名词上出现了潜伏期的语义促进效应。这些结果说明,语法编码的说法较为宽泛,应具体描述为:词汇选择是严格递进的,而概念激活的计划单元可能是功能短语。
其他摘要The grammatical planning scope in sentence production is an important issue and investigated by many psycholinguists. Regarding the grammatical level proper, the planning scope is often considered to be constrained by certain grammatical units, such as a clause (a sentence fragment consisting at least of a subject and a predicate), a subject noun phrase (the phrase including all nouns associated with the grammatical role of subject), or just a content word. Recently this planning scope was specified as a functional phrase. This issue, however, remains controversial. The goal of the current study is to thus clarify the scope of planning at the grammatical processing level of sentence production, especially to test the functional phrase hypothesis. In the current study the functional phrase hypothesis was tested with the picture-word interference paradigm. Native Mandarin Chinese speakers were asked to produce sentences with a prepositional phrase modified subject (e.g., "the dog under the flower is red") or sentences with a conjoined noun phrase as the subject (e.g., "the dog and the flower are both red") in response to vertical pairs of objects, and each display was accompanied by a visual distractor. The distractor could be categorically related or unrelated to the target picture on which it was presented, and was always unrelated to the other picture. Forty-three undergraduate and graduate students in total participated in this study and were asked to name pictures with the required syntactic structures as accurately and quickly as possible while ignoring the distractor. Two separate analyses were carried out with participants and items as random factors for onset latencies and error rates. There was a semantic interference effect for the first noun in both utterance formats, showing longer latencies in categorically related conditions compared to unrelated conditions. For the second noun of both utterance formats, the semantic interference effect was found in error rates rather than in onset latencies, no matter which SOA (Stimulus Onset Asynchrony) the condition was (0, 150, or 300ms). Meanwhile in the condition of SOA=0, a semantic facilitation effect in onset latencies was observed on the second noun of sentences with a conjoined noun phrase as the subject. These results suggest that the grammatical planning scope should be specified as that the lexical selection is radically incremental while the conceptual planning scope may encompass the functional phrase.
关键词口语句子产生 计划单元 语法编码 词汇选择 词图干扰范式
学科领域心理语言学
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收录类别CSCD
语种中文
CSCD记录号CSCD:4862917
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/14611
专题认知与发展心理学研究室
通讯作者杨玉芳
作者单位1.中国科学院心理研究所
2.中国科学院大学
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
赵黎明,杨玉芳. 汉语口语句子产生的语法编码计划单元[J]. 心理学报,2013,45(6):599-613.
APA 赵黎明,&杨玉芳.(2013).汉语口语句子产生的语法编码计划单元.心理学报,45(6),599-613.
MLA 赵黎明,et al."汉语口语句子产生的语法编码计划单元".心理学报 45.6(2013):599-613.
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