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Alternative TitleAttentional Bias for Word Learning—Mandarin-Speaking Infants' Discrimination of Persons,Actions,and Objects
陈杰1; 郑小蓓1; 孟祥芝1; Rachel Pulverman1; Twila Tardif1; 朱莉琪1
Source Publication心理科学
Contribution Rank4
Other AbstractWord learning requires establishing a mapping between words and concepts.Yet,even before this mapping process,children need to attend to and identify conceptual units from perceptual inputs.From an associative perspective,attention is the initial step of early word learning,and differences in attentional patterns could play a role in language acquisition and development.English learners typically show vocabularies that are dominated by nouns,while studies reveal that verbs are acquired early and in large quantities by Mandarin Chinese learners.However,little research has examined whether English and Mandarin leamers'early comprehension and production of nouns and verbs could be attributed to attentional patterns.Thus,the interest for the present study is whether we will find fundamental differences in attentional patterns to complex scenes across developmental spans.In particular,we are interested in how the process of word learning may interact with attention among children who have not yet begun this process(i.e.6 month olds) vs.children who are in the middle of an explosive phase of early vocabulary development(i.e.18-month-olds). In this study,we explore Mandarin-learning infants'abilities to discriminate among persons,actions,and objects in both silent and word-learning environments.Infants were randomly assigned to a habituation scene,in which a videotaped event of a young woman performing a novel action on a novel object was presented to infants in a habituation paradigm.Once they were bored,the infants were presented with four test trials,in which none(control trial) or one of the three elements changed(person Change,action change,object change) with the other two held consistent with the habituation.The infants'looking time was calculated on-line by a live experimenter who was blind to the stimuli appearing on the screen and coded the infant's eye movement through a curtain hole. These studies aim to further investigate the cognitive mechanism underlying word-to-world mapping.Some researchers have provided the evidence that Mandarin-speaking infants only learn word-action associations but not word-object associations.Not only could the present study help clarify and complement the previous findings,but also it contributes to the theoretical framework of word learning as a development process manifested at multiple levels.The current studies also provided the evidence in both the developmental changes in infants'attentional patterns.Overall,6-to 8-month olds could discriminate different actions,paying more attention to action change than control,but not different objects.In contrast,for the 17-to 19-month olds,they paid more attention to all change trials than control.
Keyword词汇学习 名词优势 注意偏好 动作 客体
Subject Area心理语言学 ; 发展心理学
Indexed ByCSCD
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金(31070917) ; NIH基金(HD060139-01A1)的资助
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding Author陈杰
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
陈杰,郑小蓓,孟祥芝,等. 汉语婴儿词汇学习的注意偏好[J]. 心理科学,2012,35(4):786-792.
APA 陈杰,郑小蓓,孟祥芝,Rachel Pulverman,Twila Tardif,&朱莉琪.(2012).汉语婴儿词汇学习的注意偏好.心理科学,35(4),786-792.
MLA 陈杰,et al."汉语婴儿词汇学习的注意偏好".心理科学 35.4(2012):786-792.
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