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精神分裂症患者与分裂型人格个体的时间加工行为特点
其他题名Behavioral performance of time processing in patients with schizophrenia and individuals with schizotypal personality features
张琪1; 王亚1; 黄佳1; 赵晴1; 李占江1; 陈楚侨1
2013
发表期刊中国心理卫生杂志
ISSN1000-6729
文章类型期刊论文
卷号27期号:7页码:544-549
产权排序1
摘要目的:探讨精神分裂症患者与分裂型人格个体的时间加工行为特征。方法:选取59名符合美国精神障碍诊断与统计手册第4版(DSM-IV)精神分裂症诊断标准的门诊或住院患者,62名通过分裂型人格问卷(SPQ)筛查的分裂型人格个体以及60名健康对照人群。通过时间辨别任务、时间产生任务、时间复制任务对3组被试的时间加工能力进行测查。结果:时间产生任务中,分裂型人格组的准确性得分大于健康对照组[(1.03±0.07)vs.(0.99±0.09),P<0.05],精神分裂症组的变异系数大于健康对照组和分裂型人格组[(0.26±0.10)vs.(0.20±0.05),(0.20±0.05);均P<0.01];时间复制任务中,精神分裂症组的变异系数大于健康对照组和分裂型人格组[(0.21±0.11)vs.(0.15±0.07),(0.17±0.12);均P<0.01)。结论:精神分裂症患者和分裂型人格个体都存在时间加工表现上的缺损,其中精神分裂症患者的缺损可能更为严重。; Objective: Schizophrenia is associated with time-processing impairments. However, very little is known about this type of problem in at-risk individuals with schizotypal personality disorder (SPD) features. The current study compared time-processing performance in patients with schizophrenia, individuals with SPD features, and healthy controls. Methods: A number of tasks capturing time discrimination, time production and time reproduction as well as other related abilities were administered to 59 schizophrenia patients, 62 individuals with SPD fea- tures, and 60 healthy controls. The diagnosis was made according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria. In analyzing the time-processing data, repeated measures were a- dopted, with group as a between-subjects variable, duration of time as a within-subjects variable, time threshold in time discrimination, accuracy (estimated time/standard time) and coefficient of variation (SD of estimated time/ mean of estimated time) of time production and time reproduction as dependent variables. Results: The result showed that patients with schizophrenia, SPD individuals and healthy controls had similar time discrimination threshold (P 〉 0. 05). In the time production task, SPD individuals had higher accuracy score than healthy controls [ ( 1.03 ±0. 07) vs. (0. 99± 0. 09), P 〈 0. 05 ], while patients with schizophrenia had higher coefficient of variation as compared to individuals with SPD features and healthy volunteers[(0. 26 ±0. 10) vs. (0. 20 ±0. 05), (0. 20 ± 0. 05) ; Ps 〈 0. 01]. In the time reproduction task, patients with schizophrenia also scored higher on the coefficient of variation than SPD individuals and healthy controls[ (0.21 ± 0. 11) vs. (0. 15± 0.07), (0. 17 ±0. 12); Ps 〈0. 01]. Conclusion: The current findings suggest that both SPD individuals and patients with schizophrenia may have impairments on time processing. The impairments of patients with schizophrenia may be more severe than that of SPD individuals.
关键词时间加工 精神分裂症 分裂型人格 混合实验设计
学科领域变态心理学
URL查看原文
收录类别CSCD
语种中文
项目资助者本研究部分获得国家科技支撑计划项目(2012BA136801),中国科学院知识创新工程项目(KSCX2-EW-J-8)和心理健康重点实验室资金的支持.
CSCD记录号CSCD:4888588
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/14692
专题中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
通讯作者陈楚侨
作者单位1.中国科学院心理研究所心理健康国家重点实验室
2.中国科学院大学
3.首都医科大学安定医院
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
张琪,王亚,黄佳,等. 精神分裂症患者与分裂型人格个体的时间加工行为特点[J]. 中国心理卫生杂志,2013,27(7):544-549.
APA 张琪,王亚,黄佳,赵晴,李占江,&陈楚侨.(2013).精神分裂症患者与分裂型人格个体的时间加工行为特点.中国心理卫生杂志,27(7),544-549.
MLA 张琪,et al."精神分裂症患者与分裂型人格个体的时间加工行为特点".中国心理卫生杂志 27.7(2013):544-549.
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