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Alternative TitleSiegen K. Chou's Military Psychological Practices and Thoughts During the War of Resistance Against Japan
阎书昌1; 陈晶1; 张红梅1
Source Publication心理学报
Contribution Rank1
Abstract周先庚在汉字心理学、教育心理学和工业心理学等多个领域做出了重要学术贡献或进行了开创性研究,但是他在抗日战争时期军事心理学领域的贡献至今未能获得心理学界的深入认识。周先庚自1943年末开始在国民党第五军中筹办军官心理测验所,从事军官心理测验工作。自1945年4月开始与主题统觉测验创始人默里合作从事伞兵选拔心理测评工作。在开展军事心理学实践的过程中,周先庚提出了"创造中国本位军事心理学"的主张。周先庚在与默里开展的军事心理学合作中建立了深厚的友谊。周先庚将心理学知识用于抗日军官、伞兵的选拔上,既体现了他的抗日精神,也体现了他的实践精神、开创精神和中国本位精神。; Siegen K. Chou (a.k.a. Zhou XianGeng), a modern Chinese psychologist, has made a lot of important contributions to the development of Chinese character psychology, educational psychology, industrial psychology etc'. in China. However, Chou's contributions to the development of Chinese military psychology has never been recognized in the world of psychology in China. At the end of 1943, Chou was invited by Qiu Qingquan, a famous Kuomintang (KMT) general, to help set up an institute to do psychological testing to army officers. Since he accepted Qiu's invitation, Chou designed a draft plan for the institute, including planning procedure, nature and objectives, methodology, organization and propaganda, etc.. The series of work initiated the modern military psychology in China. For various reasons, although the institute had been prepared for a little more than 15 months, it didn't do any practical psychological testing. In March, 1945, Henry A. Murray came to China to take charge of recruiting pilot candidates for Chinese army. He invited Chou to join his assessment group. Chou learned Murray's testing methods systematically during their collaboration, and they had established profound friendship since then. At the beginning of August, 1945, Murray's assessment group conducted demonstration assessing on army officers for Qiu Qingquan. When Murray returned home, Chou carried out several batches of psychological testing for army officers. At the end of August, 1945, The Institute of Psychological Testing for Army Officers was formally established. Chou carried out practical activities of military psychology, meanwhile, Chou did a lot of practical works on military psychology, and he tried to call for the development of an Chinese-emic military psychology on the basis of a rational analysis of "China situation". Chou's practices and thoughts of military psychology was a landmark of modern Chinese military psychology. Chou devoted himself to the application of psychological knowledge to military field under the background of the War of Resistance Against Japan, it is a reflection of his groundbreaking practical character and Chinese-emic spirits.
Keyword周先庚 军官心理测验 伞兵选拔 军事心理学
Subject Area军事心理学 ; 心理理论与心理学史
Indexed ByCSCD
Funding Organization教育部人文社会科学研究项目基金资助(09YJCXLX006)
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding Author阎书昌
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
阎书昌,陈晶,张红梅. 抗战时期周先庚的军事心理学实践与思想[J]. 心理学报,2012,44(11):1554-1562.
APA 阎书昌,陈晶,&张红梅.(2012).抗战时期周先庚的军事心理学实践与思想.心理学报,44(11),1554-1562.
MLA 阎书昌,et al."抗战时期周先庚的军事心理学实践与思想".心理学报 44.11(2012):1554-1562.
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