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偏题言语及其老化机制
Alternative TitleThe Aging Mechanism on Off-topic Verbosity
尹述飞1; 彭华茂1
2013
Source Publication心理科学进展
ISSN1671-3710
Subtype期刊论文
Volume21Issue:3Pages:487-494
Contribution Rank2
Abstract在日常生活中,相比年轻人,老年人的话语总是更容易偏离当前话题,而且内容比较冗余,这种现象就是偏题言语的老化。语用改变假设认为是老年人沟通目标的改变导致其偏题言语的增多,该理论能够一定程度地解释在自传式话题上的偏题现象,但很难解释在不涉及沟通目标改变的任务上出现的偏题言语。抑制缺陷理论则认为老年人的偏题言语与其在抑制无关信息能力上的缺陷密切相关,该理论虽然可以解释在一般话题上出现的偏题言语,但没有将抑制在偏题言语老化现象上的作用机制阐释得很清楚。未来研究应着重探讨偏题言语的具体老化机制,以期为改善老年期的偏题言语现象提供更有效的措施。
Other AbstractIn everyday life, the speech of older people is more off-topic and verbose compared with young adults. The phenomenon is referred as the aging of off-topic verbosity (OTV). Pragmatic change hypothesis suggests that the change of communicative goals among the elders results in the increase of OTV. This hypothesis could explain the OTV induced by autobiographical topics, but not interpret that induced by non-autobiographical topics which does not involve change of communicative goals. Inhibition deficit theory proposes that OTV is closely related to the age-related decline in inhibiting irrelevant information, providing explanations for OTV on both autobiographical and non-autobiographical topics. However, this theory does not clearly clarify the ageing mechanism on OTV. Future research need focus on the underlying aging mechanism of OTV, so as to provide more effective intervention to resolve the social communication dilemma in older adults.
Keyword偏题言语 语用改变假设 抑制缺陷理论
Subject Area老年心理学
URL查看原文
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金青年科学基金项目资助(31000466).
CSCD IDCSCD:4779345
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/14780
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding Author彭华茂
Affiliation1.北京师范大学发展心理研究所
2.中国科学院心理研究所心理健康院重点实验室老年心理研究中心
3.中国科学院大学
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GB/T 7714
尹述飞,彭华茂. 偏题言语及其老化机制[J]. 心理科学进展,2013,21(3):487-494.
APA 尹述飞,&彭华茂.(2013).偏题言语及其老化机制.心理科学进展,21(3),487-494.
MLA 尹述飞,et al."偏题言语及其老化机制".心理科学进展 21.3(2013):487-494.
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