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人格特质、家庭环境、应激状态与大学新生焦虑的关系
Alternative TitleRelationship Among Personality, Family Environment, Stress and Anxiety of Freshmen
谢熹瑶1; 龚栩1; 徐蕊1; 罗跃嘉1
2011
Source Publication中国临床心理学杂志
ISSN1005-3611
Subtype期刊论文
Volume19Issue:5Pages:648-651
Contribution Rank2
Abstract目的:建构大学新生焦虑水平与人格、家庭环境以及应激的关系模型。方法:对1301名大学新生施测状态-特质焦虑问卷、艾森克人格问卷、家庭环境量表、生活事件量表和抑郁-焦虑-压力量表。结果:①人格特质、家庭背景和应激状态显著影响大学新生的焦虑水平;②人格直接影响大学新生的特质焦虑,并通过调节应激状态间接影响状态焦虑;③应激状态直接影响状态焦虑,家庭环境作为背景因素对特质和状态焦虑产生间接的影响;④状态焦虑和特质焦虑间存在共变关系。结论:人格特质、家庭背景和应激状态均能影响大学新生的焦虑水平,但各因素的作用机制存在差异。; Objective: To establish a relation model between anxiety level and its influencing factors. Methods: 1301 freshmen were investigated with State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ-RSC), Family Environment Scale (FES-CV), Life Event Scale (LES), Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21). Results: (1) Three latent influencing variables of anxiety were found, which were family environment (Cohesion, Organization, Active- Recreational Orientation, Expressiveness and Intellectual-Cultural Orientation), personality(Neuroticism, Extroversion, Psy- choticism) and stress(negative life events and pressures). (2)The structural equation model demonstrated personality directly affected trait and state anxiety, stress affected state anxiety directly, and family environment affected trait and state anxiety in directly. (3)What's more trait and state anxiety varied relative to one another. Conclusion: Personality, family environ- ment and stress affect anxiety of freshmen, and these three factors have different effecting mechanism.
Keyword状态-特质焦虑 人格特质 家庭背景 应激状态 大学生心理健康
Subject Area人格心理学
URL查看原文
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:4337905
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/14837
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding Author罗跃嘉
Affiliation1.北京师范大学认知神经科学与学习国家重点实验室
2.中国科学院心理研究所心理健康重点实验室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
谢熹瑶,龚栩,徐蕊,等. 人格特质、家庭环境、应激状态与大学新生焦虑的关系[J]. 中国临床心理学杂志,2011,19(5):648-651.
APA 谢熹瑶,龚栩,徐蕊,&罗跃嘉.(2011).人格特质、家庭环境、应激状态与大学新生焦虑的关系.中国临床心理学杂志,19(5),648-651.
MLA 谢熹瑶,et al."人格特质、家庭环境、应激状态与大学新生焦虑的关系".中国临床心理学杂志 19.5(2011):648-651.
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