PSYCH OpenIR  > 中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Alternative TitleDevelopment of Resilience Scale
戴必兵1; 李娟1; 刘视湘1
Source Publication中国心理卫生杂志
Contribution Rank1
Abstract目的:编制适用于16岁及以上人群的韧性量表。方法:根据韧性理论构想编制韧性量表。采用方便取样,得到有效被试628人,对量表的信、效度进行检验。用自评抑郁量表(Self-Rating Depres-sion Scale,SDS)为效标。结果:韧性量表共20题,包括问题解决、社会支持、自信和积极认知4个因子。总量表和4个因子的Cronbachα为0.72~0.89,重测信度为0.68~0.84。验证性因素分析显示χ2/v=3.22、GFI=0.92、TLI=0.97、CFI=0.97、RMSEA=0.06。韧性量表总分及4个因子分均与SDS分负相关(-0.71~-0.52,均P<0.01)。男性问题解决和积极认知因子得分高于女性;26岁以上各组的总分均高于16~25岁组,≥61岁组的总分高于26~34岁组和35~45岁组。结论:韧性量表各项信、效度指标符合心理测量学要求,可供16岁及以上人群韧性研究和实践应用。; Objective: To develop a Resilience Scale (RS) for people aged 16 or over. Methods: The development of RS was based upon the theoretical proposition of resilience. Totally 628 valid participants were selected to test the reliability and validity of RS by convenience sampling. The Self-Rating Depression Scale was used as criteflon for assessment of the validity of RS. Results: RS consisted 20 items of 4 factors, including problem solving, social support, self-confidence and positive cognition. The Cronbach α coefficients of RS and its four factors were 0. 72 - 0. 89, and the test-retest coefficients were 0. 68 - 0. 84. The results of confirmatory factor analysis showed X^2/v = 3.22, GFI = 0. 92, TLI = 0. 97, CFI = 0. 97, RMSEA = 0.06. In addition, resilience and its four factors had significant negative correlations with depression (r = -0.71 - -0.52, Ps 〈 0. 01). Men scored higher than women in the problem solving and positive cognition factors. The resilience score in aged 26 or over groups were more higher than that in 16 -25 age group, and the resilience score of aged 61 or over group was higher than that in 26 - 34 age group and 35 - 45 age group. Conclusion: The reliability and validity of Resilience Scale are qualified enough for relevant research and applications for people aged 16 or over.
Keyword韧性 信度 效度 心理测量学研究
Subject Area心理测量
Indexed ByCSCD
Funding Organization科技部科技支撑项目(2009BA177B03),中国教育学会“十一五”科研规划重点课题项目(0901749A)
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Cited Times:1[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding Author李娟
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
戴必兵,李娟,刘视湘. 韧性量表的编制[J]. 中国心理卫生杂志,2011,25(5):385-388.
APA 戴必兵,李娟,&刘视湘.(2011).韧性量表的编制.中国心理卫生杂志,25(5),385-388.
MLA 戴必兵,et al."韧性量表的编制".中国心理卫生杂志 25.5(2011):385-388.
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