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社会决策中的公平准则及其神经机制
Alternative TitleThe Fairness Norm in Social Decision-making: Behavioral and Neuroscience Studies
罗艺1; 封春亮1; 古若雷1; 吴婷婷1; 罗跃嘉1
2013
Source Publication心理科学进展
ISSN1671-3710
Subtype期刊论文
Volume21Issue:2Pages:300-308
Contribution Rank2
Abstract社会决策中的公平准则一直受到广泛的关注,经济学家和心理学家们分别从动机和认知的角度对这个课题进行了深入探索。在这些工作中,最为突出的是"均等","互惠"和"情绪"三个模型的提出。均等和互惠模型试图从动机角度理解个体的公平行为,而情绪模型则更强调个体在公平决策中的认知和情绪的加工过程。近年来脑成像的研究也为这些模型提供了相应的支持,其中与公平准则最密切的脑区是脑岛和背外侧前额叶:前者一般被认为是反映了个体面对不公平待遇时的负性情绪体验;而后者主要负责决策过程中的抑制控制。但这些脑区具体的功能还存在很多争议,反映了不同理论模型对特定脑区功能的不同理解。未来研究应注意三个模型之间的相互补充,以及加强多模态的脑指标的运用,并注重相关脑区的整体性,此外,公平决策行为中的个体差异,以及社会情境对其的影响也应受到重视。
Other AbstractWidely regarded as a crucial topic in human society, fairness plays an important role in social decision-making. Economists and psychologists focus on discovering the motivational and cognitive mechanism underlying the fairness norm. Based on recent researches on fairness norm, three core models related to the fairness norms, namely inequity aversion, reciprocity, and emotion models, were summarized. Behavioral and neuroscience studies that are for or against these models were reviewed and compared. Specifically, the functions of those brain regions (the insula and the DLPFC) that are closely linked to social decision-making were discussed. Finally, the authors provided their opinions about future research.
Keyword公平准则 社会决策 情绪 脑岛 背外侧前额叶
Subject Area社会心理学
URL查看原文
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金重大研究计划培育项目(91132704) ; 国家自然科学基金重点项目(30930031) ; 国家973计划项目(2011CB711000) ; 科技部支撑计划课题(2009BAI77B01)
CSCD IDCSCD:4767109
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/14875
Collection社会与工程心理学研究室
Corresponding Author罗跃嘉
Affiliation1.北京师范大学认知神经科学与学习国家重点实验室
2.中国科学院心理研究所
3.成都医学院
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
罗艺,封春亮,古若雷,等. 社会决策中的公平准则及其神经机制[J]. 心理科学进展,2013,21(2):300-308.
APA 罗艺,封春亮,古若雷,吴婷婷,&罗跃嘉.(2013).社会决策中的公平准则及其神经机制.心理科学进展,21(2),300-308.
MLA 罗艺,et al."社会决策中的公平准则及其神经机制".心理科学进展 21.2(2013):300-308.
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