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首发、恢复期精神分裂症患者人格特征与心理健康的研究
其他题名Personality Characteristics and Mental Health of Patients with Schizophrenia of Primary Affection and Convalescent Stage
刘竹华1; 张建新1; 周明洁1; 王力1
2011
发表期刊中国全科医学
通讯作者邮箱zhangjx@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1007-9572
文章类型期刊论文
卷号14期号:34页码:3962-3965
产权排序1
摘要目的探讨首发、恢复期精神分裂症患者的人格特征、心理健康及两者的相关性,为进一步制定首发、恢复期精神分裂症患者的综合康复计划提供理论依据。方法采用McCrae和Costa编制的简易人格问卷(NEO-FFI)及中国人身心健康综合评估与诊断系统中的心理健康部分为测评工具,对79例经新型非典型抗精神病药治疗、首发、恢复期的门诊及住院精神分裂症患者(病例组)和169例健康人(正常对照组)的人格特征、心理健康状况及两者的相关性进行比较。结果病例组与正常对照组的人格特征:神经质[(3.06±0.55)分vs.(2.72±0.54)分]、外向性[(3.01±0.46)分vs.(3.29±0.41)分]、宜人性[(3.27±0.30)分vs.(3.50±0.33)分]、责任心[(3.20±0.44)分vs.(3.45±0.35)分]得分比较,差异均有统计学意义(P0.05)。病例组与正常对照组的心理健康:正性情绪[(1.62±0.91)分vs.(2.27±0.69)分]、认知功能[(1.28±0.71)分vs.(1.10±0.63)分]、自我评价[(2.19±0.98)分vs.(1.67±0.82)分]得分比较,差异均有统计学意义(P0.05)。病例组人格特征与心理健康关系密切,其中神经质与负性情绪、行为问题、自我评价正相关(P<0.001),外向性与正性情绪正相关(P<0.05)。结论制定首发、恢复期精神分裂症患者的综合康复计划时,必须积极关注其个性特征及心理健康状况,尽可能减少个性特征的某些特质对心理健康的影响。
其他摘要Objective To explore the personality characteristics and mental health of patients with schizophrenia of primary affection and convalescent stage,as well as the correlation between the two,so as to provide the theoretical basis for further formulating a comprehensive rehabilitation plan. Methods The questionnaire of NEO-FFI designed by McCrae and Costa and assessment of mental health in comprehensive assessment of physical and mental health for Chinese were used to assess the personality characteristics and mental health of 79 schizophrenia patients in primary affection or convalescent period who were treated by new antipsychotics(schizzy group) and 169 healthy persons(normal group),and the correlation. Results For the personality characteristics in the schizzy group and normal group,the scores of neuroticism [(3.06±0.55)vs.(2.72±0.54) ],extroversion [(3.01±0.46)vs.(3.29±0.41)],agreeableness[(3.27±0.30)vs.(3.50±0.33)],and responsibility[(3.20±0.44)vs.(3.45±0.35)] showed statistical differences(P〈0.001);while the scores of openness [(3.13±0.40)vs.(3.09±0.37)] showed no significant difference(P〉0.05).As for the mental health in the two groups,the scores of positive mood [(1.62±0.91)vs.(2.27±0.69)],cognitive function [(1.28±0.71)vs.(1.10±0.63)],and self-assessment [(2.19±0.98)vs.(1.67±0.82)] showed statistical differences(P〈0.05);while the scores of negative mood [(1.34±0.86)vs.(1.18±0.72)] and behavior problems [(0.99±0.54)vs.(0.94±0.48)] showed no significant difference(P〉0.05).There was a close correlation between the personality characteristics and mental health in the schizzy group,the neuroticism was positively correlated with the negative mood,behavior problems and self-assessment(P〈0.001) and the extroversion was positively correlated with the positive mood(P〈0.05). Conclusion In formulating comprehensive rehabilitation plan for patients with schizophrenia of primary affection and convalescent stage,great attention must be paid to their personality characteristics and mental health,so as to reduce the affection of some special traits of personality characteristics to mental health.
关键词精神分裂症 首发 恢复期 个性特征 心理健康
学科领域变态心理学
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收录类别CSCD
语种中文
CSCD记录号CSCD:4400828
引用统计
被引频次:5[CSCD]   [CSCD记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/14900
专题健康与遗传心理学研究室
通讯作者张建新
作者单位1.中国科学院心理研究所
2.中国科学院研究生院
3.宁夏民政厅民康医院
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
刘竹华,张建新,周明洁,等. 首发、恢复期精神分裂症患者人格特征与心理健康的研究[J]. 中国全科医学,2011,14(34):3962-3965.
APA 刘竹华,张建新,周明洁,&王力.(2011).首发、恢复期精神分裂症患者人格特征与心理健康的研究.中国全科医学,14(34),3962-3965.
MLA 刘竹华,et al."首发、恢复期精神分裂症患者人格特征与心理健康的研究".中国全科医学 14.34(2011):3962-3965.
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