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听力障碍群体的保持性注意发展
Alternative TitleA Study on the Sustained Attention Development of Hearing Impaired Population
程黎1; 施建农1; 蹇菊华1; 张兴利1
2012
Source Publication内蒙古师范大学学报(自然科学汉文版)
Correspondent Emailzhangxl@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1001-8735
Subtype期刊论文
Volume41Issue:1Pages:46-50
Contribution Rank2
Abstract为了研究听力障碍儿童到成人的保持性注意发展的变化,采用瑞文标准推理测验筛选出207名智力正常的听力障碍儿童和听力正常儿童及成人作为被试,以划消测验作为实验材料,记录被试的加工速度、击中率和虚报率.结果显示:听力障碍和听力正常被试的加工速度都随年龄的增长而加快;7~9岁组的听力障碍被试的击中率显著低于听力正常组,其他年龄组的听力障碍被试和正常被试的击中率没有显著差异;7~14岁的听力障碍被试的虚报率显著高于听力正常被试.听力障碍被试和听力正常被试在所有指标上的发展趋势都相似,前者只有在青少年期的专注程度不如听力正常被试,对非目标的抑制能力比较弱.同时也必须看到,听力障碍被试在注意保持的时间分布上更好,他们能更为持久地维持注意.
Other AbstractIn the present study,cancellation test was used to explore sustained attention development of hearing impaired children and adults.207 hearing impaired and hearing participants were selected by using Raven Progressive Matrices intelligence test.Results showed clear age-related increases in processing speed for both hearing impaired and hearing participants.The hit rate of the hearing impaired children was significantly lower than that of the hearing children among aged 7-9 group,while that difference among other aged group was not found.The false alert rate of the hearing impaired adolescents was significantly higher than that of the hearing adolescents among aged 7-14 group.We interpret these results and concluded that,both hearing impaired and hearing participants had the similar developmental trajectory of the sustained attention;The ability of children's sustained attention appeared to improve with age,and in adolescence it reached the peak;The hearing impaired participants had the comparable sustained attention skills to the matched hearing peers.Besides,the results of the hearing impaired participants showed that they could maintain their attention and vigilance on the current task over the observation period.
Keyword听力障碍群体 保持性注意 认知发展 划消测验
Subject Area医学心理学
URL查看原文
Language中文
Funding Organization北京市自然科学基金资助项目(4102013) ; 中国科学院心理研究所青年科学基金(YOCX142S01)
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/14928
Collection认知与发展心理学研究室
Corresponding Author张兴利
Affiliation1.北京师范大学教育学部
2.中国科学院心理研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
程黎,施建农,蹇菊华,等. 听力障碍群体的保持性注意发展[J]. 内蒙古师范大学学报(自然科学汉文版),2012,41(1):46-50.
APA 程黎,施建农,蹇菊华,&张兴利.(2012).听力障碍群体的保持性注意发展.内蒙古师范大学学报(自然科学汉文版),41(1),46-50.
MLA 程黎,et al."听力障碍群体的保持性注意发展".内蒙古师范大学学报(自然科学汉文版) 41.1(2012):46-50.
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