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医学生人文关怀能力问卷的编制及其应用
Alternative TitleDevelopment and application of scale of human caring capacity for medical students
申正付1; 杨秀木1; 韩布新1; 马语莲1; 马小芹1
2013
Source Publication第三军医大学学报
ISSN1000-5404
Subtype期刊论文
Volume35Issue:15Pages:1609-1612
Contribution Rank4
Abstract目的编制适用于在校医学生人文关怀能力的测量问卷,探索医学生的人文关怀能力特点。方法通过开放式问卷和访谈收集初始问卷条目,采用探索性和验证性因素分析对问卷进行检验。对其中的312名学生,初测2周后进行重测。结果医学生人文关怀能力问卷由42道题目组成,包括利他、耐心、诚实、信任、谦逊、希望和勇气7个维度。问卷的Cronbach’sα系数为0.899,重测信度为0.851,分半信度为0.843。应用问卷调查发现:女生利他、耐心、诚实、信任、谦逊、希望维度得分显著高于男生(P<0.05,P<0.01),男生勇气维度得分显著高于女生(P<0.05);医学生人文关怀能力得分按年级总体呈现上升趋势(P<0.01)。结论所编制的问卷具有良好的信度和效度,可以作为评估医学生人文关怀能力的工具。
Other AbstractObjective To develop a valid and reliable self-rated scale to measure human caring capacity for medical undergraduates,and meanwhile to explore the characteristics of medical undergraduates’ human caring capacity.Methods The initial items were generated from an open questionnaire survey,and then item analyses and exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to develop the scale.Two weeks after the first testing session,236 students were retested.Results The final scale of human caring capacity for undergraduates included 42 items.The scale included altruism,patience,honesty,trust,humility,hope and courage.The Cronbach’s α coefficient of the total scale was 0.899,the test-retest coefficient of the total scale was 0.851,and the split-half reliability was 0.843.Furthermore,the results of undergraduates tested by the scale showed that compared with girls,the score of courage for boys was higher(P 0.05),but the boys were lower in the scores of altruism,patience,honesty,trust,humility and hope(P 0.05,P 0.01).The human caring capacity was in a trend of increase along with the students’grade(P 0.01).Conclusion The scale of human caring capacity for medical undergraduates has a high reliability and a good validity,and can be used in the studies of human caring capacity for medical undergraduates.
Keyword人文关怀能力 大学生 问卷
Subject Area心理测量
URL查看原文
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
Funding Organization教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金(12YJAZH111) ; 安徽省教育厅人文社会科学研究重点项目(2012A078) ; 安徽省教育厅教学研究项目(jxyj20100590)~~
CSCD IDCSCD:4903905
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/15050
Collection健康与遗传心理学研究室
Corresponding Author申正付
Affiliation1.安徽省高校人文社科重点研究基地蚌埠医学院全科医学教育发展研究中心
2.安徽省高校人文社科重点研究基地蚌埠医学院思政部
3.安徽省高校人文社科重点研究基地蚌埠医学院护理学系
4.中国科学院心理研究所健康与遗传心理学研究室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
申正付,杨秀木,韩布新,等. 医学生人文关怀能力问卷的编制及其应用[J]. 第三军医大学学报,2013,35(15):1609-1612.
APA 申正付,杨秀木,韩布新,马语莲,&马小芹.(2013).医学生人文关怀能力问卷的编制及其应用.第三军医大学学报,35(15),1609-1612.
MLA 申正付,et al."医学生人文关怀能力问卷的编制及其应用".第三军医大学学报 35.15(2013):1609-1612.
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