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移情在道德强度对企业道德决策影响中的作用
其他题名The Role of Empathy on the Relationship between Moral Intensity and Ethical Decision Making in the Business
李晓明1; 傅小兰1; 王新超1
2012
发表期刊心理科学
通讯作者邮箱fuxl@psychy.ac.cn
ISSN1671-6981
文章类型期刊论文
卷号35期号:6页码:1429-1434
产权排序1
摘要本研究将一种重要的道德情绪——移情引入问题权变模型中,以探讨移情因素在道德强度对企业道德决策影响中的作用。本研究基于情景研究法,随机选取256名MBA学生为被试,要求被试基于所提供情景中假想参与者的行为,回答随后测量道德决策(道德识别、道德判断和道德意图)、移情反应、主观道德强度及移情特质的问题。结果发现,1)移情反应在道德强度对企业道德决策的影响中具有中介作用;2)移情关怀特质会通过影响主观道德强度和移情反应而作用于企业道德决策;3)结果大小、社会舆论和效应可能性对道德判断和道德意图的影响机制各有特点。; Jones ( 1991 ) postulated 'moral intensity' of an issue as a starting point in the ethical decision making process. The Jones' study mainly explored the relationship between moral intensity and ethical decision making, but ignored investigating the influencing mechanism. The present study tried to include empathy into the Issue - Contingent Model to explore the mechanism of the influence of moral intensity on ethical decision making in business. The present paper reported the results of a vignette - and questionnaire -based research project. One scenario about the employee's health was created allowing independent manipulation of the four MI components ( magnitude of consequences, probability of effect, social consensus, proximity) as high or low moral intensity. All possible combinations were utilized, resulting in 16 different versions. The participants were presented with one version of the scenario. The scenario was followed by items assessing ethical perception, ethical judgment and ethical intention, empathic response, perceived moral intensity, dispositional empathy (including empathic concern and perspective - taking). The study selected 256 MBA students as participants. LISREL 8.51 was used to make the structural equation model including the role of empathy in the influence of moral intensity on ethical decision making in business. The results indicated that 1 ) the empathic response completely mediated the relation between moral intensity and moral recognition, and partly mediated the relation between moral intensity and moral judgment, moral intent; 2) dispositional empathic concern influenced ethical perception, ethical judgment and ethical intention through perceived moral intensity and empathic response; 3) magnitude of consequence, social consensus, and probability of effect affected moral judgment and moral intent by a different mechanism. Those findings deepen our understanding of the influencing mechanism of moral intensity on ethical decision making, especially the role of emotions and reasons in ethical decision making. In addition, the present study found that empathy had an important role in the effect of moral intensity on ethical decision making. Future research can also manipulate the level of empathy response to explore whether the level of empathy can moderate the effect of moral intensity on ethical decision making.
关键词移情 道德强度 问题权变模型 道德决策
学科领域工业与组织心理学
URL查看原文
收录类别CSCD
语种中文
项目资助者本研究得到国家自然科学基金青年基金项目(30900410)、国家自然科学基金面上项目(61075042)和湖南师范大学青年学术骨干培养计划项目(09XGG22)的资助.
CSCD记录号CSCD:4731822
引用统计
被引频次:2[CSCD]   [CSCD记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/15052
专题脑与认知科学国家重点实验室
通讯作者傅小兰
作者单位1.中国科学院心理研究所脑与认知科学国家重点实验室
2.湖南师范大学心理学系
3.北京大学光华管理学院
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
李晓明,傅小兰,王新超. 移情在道德强度对企业道德决策影响中的作用[J]. 心理科学,2012,35(6):1429-1434.
APA 李晓明,傅小兰,&王新超.(2012).移情在道德强度对企业道德决策影响中的作用.心理科学,35(6),1429-1434.
MLA 李晓明,et al."移情在道德强度对企业道德决策影响中的作用".心理科学 35.6(2012):1429-1434.
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