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影响城市流动儿童自我认同的因素探析
其他题名A Research on Correlated Factors of Self-identity of Urban Migrant Laborers' Children
王薇1; 罗静1; 高文斌1
2011
发表期刊心理科学
通讯作者邮箱gaowb@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1671-6981
文章类型期刊论文
卷号34期号:2页码:447-450
产权排序1
摘要目的:探索城市流动儿童自我认同现状及与家庭因素,亲子依恋和安全感的关系。方法:使用自我认同问卷,亲子依恋问卷,安全感问卷对四川省成都市五所打工子弟学校329名中小学生进行调查。结果:父亲文化程度(β=-.123)、父母感情关系(β=.107)、消极性依恋和依赖性依恋(β=-.137、β=.102)、人际安全感、确定安全感(β=.338、β=.202)可以解释流动儿童自我认同方差变异的35%。结论:不安全亲子依恋关系和流动儿童感受到的不安全感对其自我认同有较大的影响。
其他摘要To investigate the current identity development status among urban migrant children and to figure out the influencing factors of identity development among this population through exploring its relationship with family-related factors,parental attachment,and sense of security,we conducted a survey of school children in Chengdu,Sichuan.Each class had about 30-40 students,and all the students in the class were asked to finish the questionnaire independently after an explicit introduction of the study and the questionnaire.The questionnaires were collected about 30 minutes later,after all of the participants filled them out. A battery of questionaires,including a self-identity questionnaire,a parental attachment questionnaire and a security questionnaire,were administered to 329 students from five elementary or secondary schools for migrant workers' children.T-test,Pearson correlation,and regression analysis were performed for data analyses with SPSS 13.0.No significant gender difference in sense of security and identity among migrant children was found.But a significant gender difference was noted in intimate and anxious attachment (t=-2.837,p0.01;t=-2.769,p.01).Interpersonal security and determinant security were found to be positively correlated with identity (r=.535,p.001;r=.475,p.001)significantly.Intimate and dependent parental attachment had positive correlations with identity(r=-.191,p0.001;r=-.192,p.001),while negative correlations were found between identity and avoidant and anxious parental attachment(r=-.344,p.001;r=-.116,p.05).The present study showed that father's education level(β=-.123,t=2.727),parental emotional relationship(β=.017,t=.358),avoidant (β=-.137,t=-2.617**) and dependent attachment(β=.102,t=2.123),interpersonal security(β=.338,t=5.468) and determinant security(β=.202,t=3.402) could explain 35% of variance in urban migrant children's identity.No significant gender difference was found in identity among migrant children.In terms of parent-child relationship,girls were found to be more dependent but more anxious.Father and mother played different roles in migrant children's identity reached.The higher the father's education level was,the higher level the children's identity status developed.The influence of marital relationship on identity development could be affected by parent-child relationship.Good parent-child relationship might help to reduce the effect of poor marital relationship on identity development.Insecure parental attachment and sense of insecurity might to a large extent influence the identity of migrant laborers' children.Developing a coherent sense of identity during adolescence may promote their physicial and psychological health status.The previous studies were mainly on identity among adolescents,and there were few studies on identity among this special population—migrant children.To the authors' knowledge,only few papers dwelt on the identity and social identity of migrant children.In the unchangable external environment for migrant children's development,the present study tried to explore the relationship among identity and their parental attachment and sense of security,which is based on the current identity development status of urban migrant children.Through the study on this subject,the present study aimed to promote migrant children's identity development and to figure out the underlying mechanism of their behavioural and psychological problems.
关键词流动儿童 安全感 亲子依恋 自我认同
学科领域发展心理学
URL查看原文
收录类别CSCD
语种中文
项目资助者自然科学基金项目(30300113)的资助
CSCD记录号CSCD:4190815
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/15070
专题健康与遗传心理学研究室
通讯作者高文斌
作者单位1.中国科学院心理研究所
2.中国科学院研究生院
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王薇,罗静,高文斌. 影响城市流动儿童自我认同的因素探析[J]. 心理科学,2011,34(2):447-450.
APA 王薇,罗静,&高文斌.(2011).影响城市流动儿童自我认同的因素探析.心理科学,34(2),447-450.
MLA 王薇,et al."影响城市流动儿童自我认同的因素探析".心理科学 34.2(2011):447-450.
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