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直觉在军事决策中的应用
Alternative TitleApplication of Intuition to Military Decision Making
孙慧明1; 傅小兰1
2013
Source Publication心理科学进展
Correspondent Emailsunhuiming811222@gmail.com
ISSN1671-3710
Subtype期刊论文
Volume21Issue:5Pages:893-904
Contribution Rank2
Abstract直觉决策是以决策者经验为基础的无意识的决策过程。现代战争的动态性、不确定性、复杂性和模糊性要求指挥员在战场当中要善于利用直觉进行快速决断。受到决策的双系统理论以及再认启动决策模型思想的影响,美军从20世纪80年代后期开始重视直觉决策在制定作战计划中的作用,相关研究机构积极探索培养指挥员直觉决策能力的方法,作战条令中也逐渐融入了直觉决策的理念。美军的研究发现和实践结果不仅揭示了基于经验的直觉决策过程的内在心理机制,而且对我军培养适合于未来战争的优秀指挥人才具有启示作用。
Other AbstractIntuitive decision-making is an unconcisous process based on decision-makers' experiences. The characteristics of volatility, uncertainty, complexity and ambiguity in the modem war require commanders to utilize their intuition in the battlefield to make quick decisions. On the influences of dual-processing decision theory and of recognition-primed decision model, the U.S. Army began to emphasize the role of intuition in operation plan productions in the late 1980s. Specifically, Army institutions actively explored methods to cultivate commanders' intuition. Meanwhile, concepts of intuitive decision-making were gradually reflected in the U.S. Army doctrines. Existing results from U.S Army not only revealed the inner psychological mechanism of intuition decision making based on experiences, but also enlightened us to cultivate excellent commander suitable for the future war.
Keyword直觉决策 指挥员 决策的双系统理论 再认启动决策模型 美军作战条令
Subject Area军事心理学
URL查看原文
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
Funding Organization中国人民解放军南京政治学院院级立项课题(11ZY03-32)资助.
CSCD IDCSCD:4841351
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/15129
Collection认知与发展心理学研究室
Corresponding Author孙慧明
Affiliation1.中国人民解放军南京政治学院
2.中国科学院心理研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
孙慧明,傅小兰. 直觉在军事决策中的应用[J]. 心理科学进展,2013,21(5):893-904.
APA 孙慧明,&傅小兰.(2013).直觉在军事决策中的应用.心理科学进展,21(5),893-904.
MLA 孙慧明,et al."直觉在军事决策中的应用".心理科学进展 21.5(2013):893-904.
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