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中国人对说谎行为和谎言识别的信念及其群体差异
其他题名Chinese People's Beliefs on Lying and Lie Detection Behavior
张宁1; 张亭玉1; 张雨青1; 吴坎坎1
2011
发表期刊人类工效学
ISSN1006-8309
文章类型期刊论文
卷号17期号:1页码:31-35
产权排序1
摘要本文采用问卷调查的方法对中国被试对说谎行为、谎言识别的信念及其群体差异进行了探索性研究。研究结果表明:法律工作者、学生群体对说谎者行为和谎言识别的信念与其他群体存在显著差异;中国被试对说谎行为的认识存在显著的性别偏见、年龄偏见、文化偏见和亲疏偏见;中国被试对说谎频率的报告相对比较保守,对自己的谎言识别能力的估计相对来说比较一致客观,而对他人谎言识别能力的估计则很不一致。; Inspired by Bond's research work on the word-wide stereotypes of liars,the researchers use the questionnaire developed by him and colleagues to probe for the Chinese people's stereotype of liars' lying behavior and the cues they use to detect deception.The researchers also investigated the stereotypical characteristics of liars and their estimation of their ability to detect other's lies and other's ability to detect their own lies.The responses of the participants were coded and analyzed to test the hypotheses.The results suggested that professionals whose job are closely related to lie detection hold significant different beliefs about lying behavior and cues to lie detection compared to laypersons and they are less dependent on the stereotypes of liars to detect deception,while the students are much dependent on the stereotypic characteristics of liars to detect deception.Besides,the results showed that Chinese tend to think that men are more likely to lie than women,adults are more likely to lie than children,Chinese are more likely to lie than foreigners and acquaintances(including friends and family members) are more likely to lie than strangers.The researches give several explanations of the results based on previous theoretical and applied research on lying and lie detection.Limitations of the present research and directions for future are discussed.
关键词说谎 谎言识别 刻板印象 信念 群体差异
学科领域社会心理学
URL查看原文
语种中文
项目资助者中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KSCX2-YW-R-130) ; 北京市重点学科建设(应用心理学)
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/15141
专题应用研究版块
作者单位1.中国科学院心理研究所社会与经济行为研究中心
2.中国科学院研究生院
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
张宁,张亭玉,张雨青,等. 中国人对说谎行为和谎言识别的信念及其群体差异[J]. 人类工效学,2011,17(1):31-35.
APA 张宁,张亭玉,张雨青,&吴坎坎.(2011).中国人对说谎行为和谎言识别的信念及其群体差异.人类工效学,17(1),31-35.
MLA 张宁,et al."中国人对说谎行为和谎言识别的信念及其群体差异".人类工效学 17.1(2011):31-35.
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