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自尊的遗传性:来自双生子研究的证据
Alternative TitleThe Heritability of Self-esteem: Evidences from Twin Studies
罗宇; 施媛媛; 岳曦彤; 丰怡; 蔡华俭
2013
Source Publication心理科学进展
Correspondent Emailcaihj@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1671-3710
Subtype期刊论文
Volume21Issue:9Pages:1617-1628
Contribution Rank1
Abstract自尊是个体差异的一个重要方面,迄今已有许多研究从行为遗传学角度探讨自尊个体差异的来源。通过梳理现有关于自尊的双生子研究,发现:1)自尊有中等的遗传度,其个体差异来自遗传和非共享环境;2)遗传对自尊的稳定性有较大作用;3)自尊与认知、情感的联系主要源自共同的遗传基础。总之,遗传对自尊具有重要影响。未来双生子研究可拓展到自尊波动性、内隐自尊等领域,并考虑极端人群的遗传特异性和文化对自尊遗传性的影响。
Other AbstractAs an important aspect of individual difference, self-esteem has attracted increasing attentions from behavioral genetic scientists. In this paper, we reviewed twin studies on self-esteem and found that: 1) self-esteem is moderately heritable, though non-shared environmental factors also make a difference; 2) the stability of self-esteem is largely genetically determined; 3) the associations between self-esteem and cognition as well as affect are mainly genetically caused. Together, genetic influences on self-esteem are essential. Future twin study may pay more attention to the heritability of self-esteem fluctuation and implicit self-esteem on one hand, and the specificity of people from extreme sub-groups and those from different cultures on the other hand.
Keyword自尊 行为遗传学 双生子研究 总体自尊 特定自尊
Subject Area人格心理学
URL查看原文
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
Funding Organization中国科学院心理研究所青年启动基金(Y1CX273005).中国科学院百人计划(Y1cx153003),中国科学院知识创新计划(KSCX2-EW-J-8),国家自然基金(31070919).
CSCD IDCSCD:4932210
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/15173
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding Author蔡华俭
Affiliation中国科学院心理研究所行为科学重点实验室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
罗宇,施媛媛,岳曦彤,等. 自尊的遗传性:来自双生子研究的证据[J]. 心理科学进展,2013,21(9):1617-1628.
APA 罗宇,施媛媛,岳曦彤,丰怡,&蔡华俭.(2013).自尊的遗传性:来自双生子研究的证据.心理科学进展,21(9),1617-1628.
MLA 罗宇,et al."自尊的遗传性:来自双生子研究的证据".心理科学进展 21.9(2013):1617-1628.
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