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The influence of spatial ability and experience on performance during spaceship rendezvous and docking
Du, Xiaoping1; Zhang, Yijing1,2,3; Tian, Yu2; Huang, Weifen1,2; Wu, Bin1; Zhang, Jingyu3
2015-07-15
发表期刊FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN1664-1078
文章类型Article
卷号6期号:0页码:955
摘要Manual rendezvous and docking (manual RVD) is a challenging space task for astronauts. Previous research showed a correlation between spatial ability and manual RVD skills among participants at early stages of training, but paid less attention to experts. Therefore, this study tried to explore the role of spatial ability in manual RVD skills in two groups of trainees, one relatively inexperienced and the other experienced operators. Additionally, mental rotation has been proven essential in RVD and was tested in this study among 27 male participants, 15 novices, and 12 experts. The participants performed manual RVD tasks in a high fidelity simulator. Results showed that experience moderated the relation between mental rotation ability and manual RVD performance. On one hand, novices with high mental rotation ability tended to perform that RVD task more successfully; on the other hand, experts with high mental rotation ability showed not only no performance advantage in the final stage of the RVD task, but had certain disadvantages in their earlier processes. Both theoretical and practical implications were discussed.
关键词spatial ability experience task performance manual rendezvous and docking astronaut selection astronaut training
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000357987400001
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/15188
专题社会与工程心理学研究室
作者单位1.China Astronaut Res & Training Ctr, Beijing 100094, Peoples R China
2.Natl Key Lab Human Factors Engn, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
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Du, Xiaoping,Zhang, Yijing,Tian, Yu,et al. The influence of spatial ability and experience on performance during spaceship rendezvous and docking[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2015,6(0):955.
APA Du, Xiaoping,Zhang, Yijing,Tian, Yu,Huang, Weifen,Wu, Bin,&Zhang, Jingyu.(2015).The influence of spatial ability and experience on performance during spaceship rendezvous and docking.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,6(0),955.
MLA Du, Xiaoping,et al."The influence of spatial ability and experience on performance during spaceship rendezvous and docking".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 6.0(2015):955.
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