PSYCH OpenIR  > 认知与发展心理学研究室
Fast and Careless or Careful and Slow? Apparent Holistic Processing in Mental Rotation Is Explained by Speed-Accuracy Trade-Offs
Liesefeld, Heinrich Rene1,2; Fu, Xiaolan3,4; Zimmer, Hubert D.2,5
2015-07-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION
ISSN0278-7393
SubtypeArticle
Volume41Issue:4Pages:1140-1151
AbstractA major debate in the mental-rotation literature concerns the question of whether objects are represented holistically during rotation. Effects of object complexity on rotational speed are considered strong evidence against such holistic representations. In Experiment 1, such an effect of object complexity was markedly present. A closer look on individual performance patterns, however, revealed that only some participants showed this effect. For others, rotational speed was independent of object complexity. The assumption that these fast-rotating participants use a holistic representation that equally well holds simple and complex objects would explain these results. Taking error rates into account disproved this explanation: Fast participants simply committed more errors in those conditions for which careful participants invested more rotation time. Whether this speed-accuracy trade-off is a stable personality trait or a somewhat flexible strategic choice was examined in Experiments 2 and 3. In Experiment 2, participants received monetary incentives that encouraged them to minimize errors. In line with a certain degree of flexible strategic control over speed-accuracy trade-offs, a large majority of participants showed effects of object complexity on rotational speed. When, in contrast, time pressure was induced in Experiment 3, error rates increased considerably and most participants' rotational speed became independent of object complexity. Our results indicate that all our participants performed mental rotation on a nonholistic representation and that apparent holistic processing strategies in mental rotation (and potentially also in other spatial tasks) might actually be speed-accuracy trade-offs in disguise.
Keywordspatial abilities working memory imagery object complexity cognitive strategies
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000357528100016
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/15189
Collection认知与发展心理学研究室
Affiliation1.Univ Munich, Dept Psychol, Int Res Training Grp Adapt Minds, D-80802 Munich, Germany
2.Univ Saarland, Dept Psychol, D-66123 Saarbrucken, Germany
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inernat Res Training Grp Adapt Minds, Beijing 100864, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100864, Peoples R China
5.Univ Saarland, Int Res Training Grp Adapt Minds, D-66123 Saarbrucken, Germany
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liesefeld, Heinrich Rene,Fu, Xiaolan,Zimmer, Hubert D.. Fast and Careless or Careful and Slow? Apparent Holistic Processing in Mental Rotation Is Explained by Speed-Accuracy Trade-Offs[J]. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION,2015,41(4):1140-1151.
APA Liesefeld, Heinrich Rene,Fu, Xiaolan,&Zimmer, Hubert D..(2015).Fast and Careless or Careful and Slow? Apparent Holistic Processing in Mental Rotation Is Explained by Speed-Accuracy Trade-Offs.JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION,41(4),1140-1151.
MLA Liesefeld, Heinrich Rene,et al."Fast and Careless or Careful and Slow? Apparent Holistic Processing in Mental Rotation Is Explained by Speed-Accuracy Trade-Offs".JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION 41.4(2015):1140-1151.
Files in This Item:
File Name/Size DocType Version Access License
2015 Fast and Carel(779KB) 暂不开放--Application Full Text
Related Services
Recommend this item
Bookmark
Usage statistics
Export to Endnote
Google Scholar
Similar articles in Google Scholar
[Liesefeld, Heinrich Rene]'s Articles
[Fu, Xiaolan]'s Articles
[Zimmer, Hubert D.]'s Articles
Baidu academic
Similar articles in Baidu academic
[Liesefeld, Heinrich Rene]'s Articles
[Fu, Xiaolan]'s Articles
[Zimmer, Hubert D.]'s Articles
Bing Scholar
Similar articles in Bing Scholar
[Liesefeld, Heinrich Rene]'s Articles
[Fu, Xiaolan]'s Articles
[Zimmer, Hubert D.]'s Articles
Terms of Use
No data!
Social Bookmark/Share
All comments (0)
No comment.
 

Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.