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Depressive states amplify both upward and downward counterfactual thinking
Feng, Xue1; Gu, Ruolei2; Liang, Fucheng3; Broster, Lucas S.4; Liu, Yunzhe1; Zhang, Dandan5; Luo, Yue-jia5,6
AbstractDepression has been linked to counterfactual thinking in many behavioral studies, but the direction of this effect remains disputed. In the current study, the relationship between depression and counterfactual thinking was examined using the event-related potential (ERP) technique. In a binary choice gambling task, outcome feedback of the chosen option and that of the alternative option were both provided, so as to elicit the process of counterfactual comparison. By investigating ERP signals in response to outcome presentation, we discovered that when the fictive outcome was better or worse than the factual outcome, the amplitude of the P3 component was positively correlated with individual levels of depression, but not levels of anxiety. These results indicate that depression strengthens both upward counterfactual thinking and downward counterfactual thinking. The implication of this finding to clinical research is discussed. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
KeywordDepression Counterfactual thinking Outcome evaluation Event-related potential P3
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Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Beijing Normal Univ, State Key Lab Cognit Neurosci & Learning, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Tianjin Normal Univ, Acad Adm Sect, Tianjin 300387, Peoples R China
4.Univ Kentucky, Coll Med, Dept Behav Sci, Lexington, KY 40506 USA
5.Shenzhen Univ, Inst Affect & Social Neurosci, Shenzhen 518060, Peoples R China
6.Chengdu Med Coll, Sichuan Res Ctr Appl Psychol, Chengdu 610500, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Feng, Xue,Gu, Ruolei,Liang, Fucheng,et al. Depressive states amplify both upward and downward counterfactual thinking[J]. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY,2015,97(2):93-98.
APA Feng, Xue.,Gu, Ruolei.,Liang, Fucheng.,Broster, Lucas S..,Liu, Yunzhe.,...&Luo, Yue-jia.(2015).Depressive states amplify both upward and downward counterfactual thinking.INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY,97(2),93-98.
MLA Feng, Xue,et al."Depressive states amplify both upward and downward counterfactual thinking".INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY 97.2(2015):93-98.
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