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English- and Mandarin-Learning Infants' Discrimination of Actions and Objects in Dynamic Events
Chen, Jie1; Tardif, Twila1; Pulverman, Rachel2; Casasola, Marianella3; Zhu, Liqi4; Zheng, Xiaobei5; Meng, Xiangzhi5
2015-10-01
Source PublicationDEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN0012-1649
SubtypeArticle
Volume51Issue:10Pages:1501-1515
AbstractThe present studies examined the role of linguistic experience in directing English and Mandarin learners' attention to aspects of a visual scene. Specifically, they asked whether young language learners in these 2 cultures attend to differential aspects of a word-learning situation. Two groups of English and Mandarin learners, 6-8-month-olds (n = 65) and 17-19-month-olds (n = 91), participated in 2 studies, based on a habituation paradigm, designed to test infants' discrimination between actions and objects in dynamic events. In Study 1, these stimuli were presented in silence, whereas in Study 2, a verbal label accompanied videos. Results showed that 6-8-month-olds could discriminate action changes but not object changes, whereas 17-19-month-olds could discriminate both types of changes. However, there were only very subtle cross-linguistic differences in these patterns when the scenes were presented together with a verbal label. These findings show strong evidence for universal developmental trends in attention, with somewhat weaker evidence that the differences in the types of words Mandarin-versus English-learning children produce or are exposed to affect attention to different aspects of a scene in the first 2 years of life.
Keywordattention word learning objects and actions English Mandarin
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000361636200013
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/15212
Collection认知与发展心理学研究室
Affiliation1.Univ Michigan, Dept Psychol, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA
2.Delaware State Univ, Dept Psychol, Dover, DE USA
3.Cornell Univ, Dept Human Dev, Ithaca, NY 14853 USA
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100864, Peoples R China
5.Peking Univ, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chen, Jie,Tardif, Twila,Pulverman, Rachel,et al. English- and Mandarin-Learning Infants' Discrimination of Actions and Objects in Dynamic Events[J]. DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY,2015,51(10):1501-1515.
APA Chen, Jie.,Tardif, Twila.,Pulverman, Rachel.,Casasola, Marianella.,Zhu, Liqi.,...&Meng, Xiangzhi.(2015).English- and Mandarin-Learning Infants' Discrimination of Actions and Objects in Dynamic Events.DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY,51(10),1501-1515.
MLA Chen, Jie,et al."English- and Mandarin-Learning Infants' Discrimination of Actions and Objects in Dynamic Events".DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 51.10(2015):1501-1515.
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