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Fluid Intelligence and Automatic Neural Processes in Facial Expression Perception: An Event-Related Potential Study
Liu, Tongran1; Xiao, Tong2; Li, Xiaoyan1; Shi, Jiannong1,3
2015-09-16
Source PublicationPLOS ONE
ISSN1932-6203
SubtypeArticle
Volume10Issue:9Pages:1-13
AbstractThe relationship between human fluid intelligence and social-emotional abilities has been a topic of considerable interest. The current study investigated whether adolescents with different intellectual levels had different automatic neural processing of facial expressions. Two groups of adolescent males were enrolled: a high IQ group and an average IQ group. Age and parental socioeconomic status were matched between the two groups. Participants counted the numbers of the central cross changes while paired facial expressions were presented bilaterally in an oddball paradigm. There were two experimental conditions: a happy condition, in which neutral expressions were standard stimuli (p = 0.8) and happy expressions were deviant stimuli (p = 0.2), and a fearful condition, in which neutral expressions were standard stimuli (p = 0.8) and fearful expressions were deviant stimuli (p = 0.2). Participants were required to concentrate on the primary task of counting the central cross changes and to ignore the expressions to ensure that facial expression processing was automatic. Event-related potentials (ERPs) were obtained during the tasks. The visual mismatch negativity (vMMN) components were analyzed to index the automatic neural processing of facial expressions. For the early vMMN (50-130 ms), the high IQ group showed more negative vMMN amplitudes than the average IQ group in the happy condition. For the late vMMN (320-450 ms), the high IQ group had greater vMMN responses than the average IQ group over frontal and occipito-temporal areas in the fearful condition, and the average IQ group evoked larger vMMN amplitudes than the high IQ group over occipito-temporal areas in the happy condition. The present study elucidated the close relationships between fluid intelligence and pre-attentive change detection on social-emotional information.
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000361610200086
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/15216
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Northeastern Univ, Coll Informat Sci & Engn, Nat Language Proc Lab, Liaoning 110819, Peoples R China
3.Aalborg Univ, Dept Learning & Philosophy, Aalborg, Denmark
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu, Tongran,Xiao, Tong,Li, Xiaoyan,et al. Fluid Intelligence and Automatic Neural Processes in Facial Expression Perception: An Event-Related Potential Study[J]. PLOS ONE,2015,10(9):1-13.
APA Liu, Tongran,Xiao, Tong,Li, Xiaoyan,&Shi, Jiannong.(2015).Fluid Intelligence and Automatic Neural Processes in Facial Expression Perception: An Event-Related Potential Study.PLOS ONE,10(9),1-13.
MLA Liu, Tongran,et al."Fluid Intelligence and Automatic Neural Processes in Facial Expression Perception: An Event-Related Potential Study".PLOS ONE 10.9(2015):1-13.
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