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The effects of inhibitory control training for preschoolers on reasoning ability and neural activity
Liu, Qian1; Zhu, Xinyi1; Ziegler, Albert3; Shi, Jiannong1,2
2015-09-23
发表期刊SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
ISSN2045-2322
文章类型Article
卷号5期号:0页码:14200
摘要Inhibitory control (including response inhibition and interference control) develops rapidly during the preschool period and is important for early cognitive development. This study aimed to determine the training and transfer effects on response inhibition in young children. Children in the training group (N = 20; 12 boys, mean age 4.87 +/- 0.26 years) played "Fruit Ninja" on a tablet computer for 15 min/day, 4 days/week, for 3 weeks. Children in the active control group (N = 20; 10 boys, mean age 4.88 +/- 0.20 years) played a coloring game on a tablet computer for 10 min/day, 1-2 days/week, for 3 weeks. Several cognitive tasks (involving inhibitory control, working memory, and fluid intelligence) were used to evaluate the transfer effects, and electroencephalography (EEG) was performed during a go/no-go task. Progress on the trained game was significant, while performance on a reasoning task (Raven's Progressive Matrices) revealed a trend-level improvement from pre-to post-test. EEG indicated that the N-2 effect of the go/no-go task was enhanced after training for girls. This study is the first to show that pure response inhibition training can potentially improve reasoning ability. Furthermore, gender differences in the training-induced changes in neural activity were found in preschoolers.
收录类别SCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000361592000001
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/15219
专题认知与发展心理学研究室
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Aalborg Univ, Dept Learning & Philosophy, Aalborg, Denmark
3.Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Dept Educ Psychol, Erlangen, Germany
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GB/T 7714
Liu, Qian,Zhu, Xinyi,Ziegler, Albert,et al. The effects of inhibitory control training for preschoolers on reasoning ability and neural activity[J]. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS,2015,5(0):14200.
APA Liu, Qian,Zhu, Xinyi,Ziegler, Albert,&Shi, Jiannong.(2015).The effects of inhibitory control training for preschoolers on reasoning ability and neural activity.SCIENTIFIC REPORTS,5(0),14200.
MLA Liu, Qian,et al."The effects of inhibitory control training for preschoolers on reasoning ability and neural activity".SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 5.0(2015):14200.
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