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Aging and the optimal viewing position effect in Chinese
Liu, Pingping1; Liu, Danlu1; Han, Buxin1; Paterson, Kevin B.2
2015-10-29
发表期刊FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN1664-1078
文章类型Article
卷号6
摘要Substantial evidence indicates that where readers fixate within a word affects the efficiency with which that word is recognized. Indeed, words in alphabetic languages (e.g., English, French) are recognized most efficiently when fixated at their optimal viewing position (OVP), which is near the word center. However, little is known about the effects of fixation location on word recognition in non-alphabetic languages, such as Chinese. Moreover, studies to date have not investigated if effects of fixation location vary across adult age groups, although it is well established that older readers experience greater difficulty recognizing words due to visual and cognitive declines. Accordingly, the present research examined OVP effects by young and older adult readers when recognizing Chinese words presented in isolation. Most words in Chinese are formed from two or more logograms called characters and so the present experiment investigated the influence of fixation location on the recognition of 2-, 3-, and 4-character words (and nonwords). The older adults experienced generally greater word recognition difficulty. But whereas the young adults recognized words most efficiently when initially fixating the first character of 2-character words and second character of 3- and 4-character words, the older adults recognized words most efficiently when initially fixating the first character for words of each length. The findings therefore reveal subtle but potentially important adult age differences in the effects of fixation location on Chinese word recognition. Moreover, the similarity in effects for words and nonwords implies a more general age-related change in oculomotor strategy when processing Chinese character-strings.
关键词viewing position eye movements Chinese words aging word recognition
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000364206600001
引用统计
被引频次:2[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/15314
专题中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Ctr Aging Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Leicester, Coll Med Biol Sci & Psychol, Dept Neurosci Psychol & Behav, Leicester, Leics, England
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Liu, Pingping,Liu, Danlu,Han, Buxin,et al. Aging and the optimal viewing position effect in Chinese[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2015,6.
APA Liu, Pingping,Liu, Danlu,Han, Buxin,&Paterson, Kevin B..(2015).Aging and the optimal viewing position effect in Chinese.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,6.
MLA Liu, Pingping,et al."Aging and the optimal viewing position effect in Chinese".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 6(2015).
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