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Training by visual identification and writing leads to different visual word expertise N170 effects in preliterate Chinese children
Zhao, Pei1,2; Li, Su1; Zhao, Jing3; Gaspar, Carl M.3; Weng, Xuchu1,3; Su Li
2015-10-01
发表期刊DEVELOPMENTAL COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE
ISSN1878-9293
文章类型Article
卷号15期号:0页码:106-116
摘要

The N170 component of EEG evoked by visual words is an index of perceptual expertise for the visual word across different writing systems. In the present study, we investigated whether these N170 markers for Chinese, a very complex script, could emerge quickly after short-term learning (similar to 100 min) in young Chinese children, and whether early writing experience can enhance the acquisition of these neural markers for expertise. Two groups of preschool children received visual identification and free writing training respectively. Short-term character training resulted in selective enhancement of the N170 to characters, consistent with normal expert processing. Visual identification training resulted in increased N170 amplitude to characters in the right hemisphere, and N170 amplitude differences between characters and faces were decreased; whereas the amplitude difference between characters and tools increased. Writing training led to the disappearance of an initial amplitude difference between characters and faces in the right hemisphere. These results show that N170 markers for visual expertise emerge rapidly in young children after word learning, independent of the type of script young children learn; and visual identification and writing produce different effects. (C) 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

关键词N170 Chinese characters ERP Writing Children Training
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000364537300010
引用统计
被引频次:3[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/15323
专题中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
通讯作者Su Li
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Sch, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Hangzhou Normal Univ, Dept Psychol, Hangzhou 311121, Zhejiang, Peoples R China
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Zhao, Pei,Li, Su,Zhao, Jing,et al. Training by visual identification and writing leads to different visual word expertise N170 effects in preliterate Chinese children[J]. DEVELOPMENTAL COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE,2015,15(0):106-116.
APA Zhao, Pei,Li, Su,Zhao, Jing,Gaspar, Carl M.,Weng, Xuchu,&Su Li.(2015).Training by visual identification and writing leads to different visual word expertise N170 effects in preliterate Chinese children.DEVELOPMENTAL COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE,15(0),106-116.
MLA Zhao, Pei,et al."Training by visual identification and writing leads to different visual word expertise N170 effects in preliterate Chinese children".DEVELOPMENTAL COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE 15.0(2015):106-116.
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