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Emotional mimicry signals pain empathy as evidenced by facial electromyography
Sun, Ya-Bin1,2; Wang, Yu-Zheng1,2; Wang, Jin-Yan1; Luo, Fei1
2015-12-09
Source PublicationSCIENTIFIC REPORTS
ISSN2045-2322
SubtypeArticle
Volume5
AbstractFacial mimicry has been suggested to be a behavioral index for emotional empathy. The present study is the first to investigate the link between facial muscle activity and empathy for pain by facial electromyographic (EMG) recording while observers watched videos depicting real-life painful events. Three types of visual stimulus were used: an intact painful scene and arm-only (needle injection) and face only (painful expression) scenes. Enhanced EMG activity of the corrugator supercilii (CS) and zygomaticus major (ZM) muscles was found when observers viewed others in pain, supporting a unique pain expression that is distinct from the expression of basic emotions. In the intact video stimulus condition, CS activity was correlated positively with the empathic concern score and ZM activity, suggesting facial mimicry mediated empathy for pain. Cluster analysis of facial EMG responses revealed markedly different patterns among stimulus types, including response category, ratio, and temporal dynamics, indicating greater ecological validity of the intact scene in eliciting pain empathy as compared with partial scenes. This study is the first to quantitatively describe pain empathy in terms of facial EMG data. It may provide important evidence for facial mimicry as a behavioral indicator of pain empathy.
DOI10.1038/srep16988
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectMultidisciplinary Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000366032500001
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology
WOS KeywordPERSPECTIVE-TAKING ; DYNAMIC PAIN ; NEURAL BASIS ; EXPRESSIONS ; RECOGNITION ; RESPONSES ; NEUROSCIENCE ; INDIVIDUALS ; PERCEPTION ; EXPERIENCE
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/15363
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Sun, Ya-Bin,Wang, Yu-Zheng,Wang, Jin-Yan,et al. Emotional mimicry signals pain empathy as evidenced by facial electromyography[J]. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS,2015,5.
APA Sun, Ya-Bin,Wang, Yu-Zheng,Wang, Jin-Yan,&Luo, Fei.(2015).Emotional mimicry signals pain empathy as evidenced by facial electromyography.SCIENTIFIC REPORTS,5.
MLA Sun, Ya-Bin,et al."Emotional mimicry signals pain empathy as evidenced by facial electromyography".SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 5(2015).
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