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How Distance Affects Semantic Integration in Discourse: Evidence from Event-Related Potentials
Yang, Xiaohong1,2; Chen, Shuang3; Chen, Xuhai4; Yang, Yufang1,2
2015-11-16
发表期刊PLOS ONE
ISSN1932-6203
文章类型Article
卷号10期号:11页码:e0142967
摘要Event-related potentials were used to investigate whether semantic integration in discourse is influenced by the number of intervening sentences between the endpoints of integration. Readers read discourses in which the last sentence contained a critical word that was either congruent or incongruent with the information introduced in the first sentence. Furthermore, for the short discourses, the first and last sentence were intervened by only one sentence while for the long discourses, they were intervened by three sentences. We found that the incongruent words elicited an N400 effect for both the short and long discourses. However, a P600 effect was only observed for the long discourses, but not for the short ones. These results suggest that although readers can successfully integrate upcoming words into the existing discourse representation, the effort required for this integration process is modulated by the number of intervening sentences. Thus, discourse distance as measured by the number of intervening sentences should be taken as an important factor for semantic integration in discourse.
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0142967
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
语种英语
WOS研究方向Science & Technology - Other Topics
WOS类目Multidisciplinary Sciences
WOS记录号WOS:000365070700107
WOS标题词Science & Technology
关键词[WOS]WORKING-MEMORY ; BRAIN POTENTIALS ; EYE-MOVEMENTS ; PRAGMATIC ANOMALIES ; NEURAL MECHANISMS ; GLOBAL COHERENCE ; N400 ; ERP ; COMPREHENSION ; SENTENCE
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文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/15366
专题中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Jiangsu Normal Univ, Jiangsu Collaborat Innovat Ctr Language Abil, Xuzhou, Peoples R China
3.Zhejiang Normal Univ, Dept Psychol, Jinhua, Peoples R China
4.Shannxi Normal Univ, Sch Psychol, Xian, Peoples R China
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Yang, Xiaohong,Chen, Shuang,Chen, Xuhai,et al. How Distance Affects Semantic Integration in Discourse: Evidence from Event-Related Potentials[J]. PLOS ONE,2015,10(11):e0142967.
APA Yang, Xiaohong,Chen, Shuang,Chen, Xuhai,&Yang, Yufang.(2015).How Distance Affects Semantic Integration in Discourse: Evidence from Event-Related Potentials.PLOS ONE,10(11),e0142967.
MLA Yang, Xiaohong,et al."How Distance Affects Semantic Integration in Discourse: Evidence from Event-Related Potentials".PLOS ONE 10.11(2015):e0142967.
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