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The influence of input and output modality on following instructions in working memory
Yang, Tian-xiao1; Allen, Richard J.2; Yu, Qi-jing3; Chan, Raymond C. K.1
2015-12-04
发表期刊SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
ISSN2045-2322
文章类型Article
卷号5期号:0页码:1-8
摘要Following instructions is an important component of learning and has been shown to rely on working memory. This study examined the ability to follow instructions within working memory under varying input and output modalities. In Experiment 1, participants heard, read, or viewed demonstration of short sequences of instructions, and recalled either by oral repetition or physical enactment. There was a significant main effect of encoding, showing superior recall performance when instructions were demonstrated relative to spoken or written presentation. Experiment 2 examined whether recall is further improved when instructions are presented both in spoken and demonstrated form, relative to single modality presentation. The advantage for demonstration over spoken instructions was replicated, and dual input was superior to spoken instructions. However, dual input did not bring extra benefit compared to demonstration of instructions. We also observed a significant enactedretrieval recall advantage. These findings suggest effects of both input and output modalities on the ability to remember and follow instructions in working memory. Outcomes substantially inform the underexplored but important new area of action-based working memory and its links to embodied cognition, with implications for pedagogic practice.
DOI10.1038/srep17657
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
语种英语
WOS研究方向Science & Technology - Other Topics
WOS类目Multidisciplinary Sciences
WOS记录号WOS:000365864000001
WOS标题词Science & Technology
关键词[WOS]PERFORMED TASKS ; ACTION EVENTS ; FREE-RECALL ; ENACTMENT ; IMITATION ; INFORMATION ; PERCEPTION
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被引频次:3[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/15367
专题中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Neuropsychol & Appl Cognit Neurosci Lab, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Leeds, Sch Psychol, Leeds LS2 9JT, W Yorkshire, England
3.Wayne State Univ, Dept Psychol, Detroit, MI 48202 USA
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Yang, Tian-xiao,Allen, Richard J.,Yu, Qi-jing,et al. The influence of input and output modality on following instructions in working memory[J]. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS,2015,5(0):1-8.
APA Yang, Tian-xiao,Allen, Richard J.,Yu, Qi-jing,&Chan, Raymond C. K..(2015).The influence of input and output modality on following instructions in working memory.SCIENTIFIC REPORTS,5(0),1-8.
MLA Yang, Tian-xiao,et al."The influence of input and output modality on following instructions in working memory".SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 5.0(2015):1-8.
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