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Narcissism and United States' Culture: The View From Home and Around the World
Miller, Joshua D.1; Maples, Jessica L.1; Buffardi, Laura2; Cai, Huajian3; Gentile, Brittany1; Kisbu-Sakarya, Yasemin4; Kwan, Virginia S. Y.5; LoPilato, Alex6; Pendry, Louise F.7; Sedikides, Constantine8; Siedor, Lane1; Campbell, W. Keith1
2015-12-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN0022-3514
SubtypeArticle
Volume109Issue:6Pages:1068-1089
AbstractThe issue of Americans' levels of narcissism is subject to lively debate. The focus of the present research is on the perception of national character (PNC) of Americans as a group. In Study 1, American adults (N = 100) rated Americans as significantly more narcissistic than they perceived themselves and acquaintances. In Study 2, this finding was replicated with American college students (N = 322). PNC ratings of personality traits and externalizing behaviors revealed that Americans were perceived as disagreeable and antisocial as well. In Study 3, we examined the broader characteristics associated with PNC ratings (N = 183). Americans rated the typical American as average on a variety of characteristics (e.g., wealth, education, health, likability) and PNC ratings of narcissism were largely unrelated to these ratings. In Study 4 (N = 1,202) Americans rated PNCs for different prespecified groups of Americans; as expected, PNC ratings of narcissism differed by gender, age, and occupational status such that American males, younger Americans, and Americans working in high-visibility and status occupations were seen as more narcissistic. In Study 5 (N = 733), citizens of 4 other world regions (Basque Country, China, England, Turkey) rated members of their own region as more narcissistic than they perceived themselves, but the effect sizes were smaller than those found in the case of Americans' perceptions of Americans. Additionally, members of these other regions rated Americans as more narcissistic than members of their own region. Finally, in Study 6, participants from around the world (N = 377) rated Americans as more narcissistic, extraverted, and antagonistic than members of their own countries. We discuss the role that America's position as a global economic and military power, paired with a culture that creates and reifies celebrity figures, may play in leading to perceptions of Americans as considerably narcissistic.
Keywordpersonality cross-cultural perceptions of national character
DOI10.1037/a0039543
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Social
WOS IDWOS:000366315700007
WOS HeadingsSocial Sciences
WOS KeywordSELF-ENHANCEMENT BIAS ; NATIONAL CHARACTER ; 5-FACTOR MODEL ; PERSONALITY-DISORDERS ; INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES ; ANTISOCIAL-BEHAVIOR ; CRITERION VALIDITY ; FACEBOOK ; INVENTORY ; ESTEEM
Citation statistics
Cited Times:9[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/15388
Collection社会与工程心理学研究室
Affiliation1.Univ Georgia, Dept Psychol, Athens, GA 30602 USA
2.Univ Deusto, Dept Psychol, Bilbao, Spain
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100864, Peoples R China
4.Koc Univ, Dept Psychol, Istanbul, Turkey
5.Arizona State Univ, Dept Psychol, Tempe, AZ 85287 USA
6.Univ Georgia, Dept Psychol, Athens, GA 30602 USA
7.Univ Exeter, Sch Psychol, Exeter EX4 4QJ, Devon, England
8.Univ Southampton, Sch Psychol, Southampton SO9 5NH, Hants, England
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Miller, Joshua D.,Maples, Jessica L.,Buffardi, Laura,et al. Narcissism and United States' Culture: The View From Home and Around the World[J]. JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY,2015,109(6):1068-1089.
APA Miller, Joshua D..,Maples, Jessica L..,Buffardi, Laura.,Cai, Huajian.,Gentile, Brittany.,...&Campbell, W. Keith.(2015).Narcissism and United States' Culture: The View From Home and Around the World.JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY,109(6),1068-1089.
MLA Miller, Joshua D.,et al."Narcissism and United States' Culture: The View From Home and Around the World".JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY 109.6(2015):1068-1089.
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