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Narcissism and United States' Culture: The View From Home and Around the World
Miller, Joshua D.1; Maples, Jessica L.1; Buffardi, Laura2; Cai, Huajian3; Gentile, Brittany1; Kisbu-Sakarya, Yasemin4; Kwan, Virginia S. Y.5; LoPilato, Alex6; Pendry, Louise F.7; Sedikides, Constantine8; Siedor, Lane1; Campbell, W. Keith1
2015-12-01
发表期刊JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN0022-3514
文章类型Article
卷号109期号:6页码:1068-1089
摘要The issue of Americans' levels of narcissism is subject to lively debate. The focus of the present research is on the perception of national character (PNC) of Americans as a group. In Study 1, American adults (N = 100) rated Americans as significantly more narcissistic than they perceived themselves and acquaintances. In Study 2, this finding was replicated with American college students (N = 322). PNC ratings of personality traits and externalizing behaviors revealed that Americans were perceived as disagreeable and antisocial as well. In Study 3, we examined the broader characteristics associated with PNC ratings (N = 183). Americans rated the typical American as average on a variety of characteristics (e.g., wealth, education, health, likability) and PNC ratings of narcissism were largely unrelated to these ratings. In Study 4 (N = 1,202) Americans rated PNCs for different prespecified groups of Americans; as expected, PNC ratings of narcissism differed by gender, age, and occupational status such that American males, younger Americans, and Americans working in high-visibility and status occupations were seen as more narcissistic. In Study 5 (N = 733), citizens of 4 other world regions (Basque Country, China, England, Turkey) rated members of their own region as more narcissistic than they perceived themselves, but the effect sizes were smaller than those found in the case of Americans' perceptions of Americans. Additionally, members of these other regions rated Americans as more narcissistic than members of their own region. Finally, in Study 6, participants from around the world (N = 377) rated Americans as more narcissistic, extraverted, and antagonistic than members of their own countries. We discuss the role that America's position as a global economic and military power, paired with a culture that creates and reifies celebrity figures, may play in leading to perceptions of Americans as considerably narcissistic.
关键词personality cross-cultural perceptions of national character
DOI10.1037/a0039543
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
WOS研究方向Psychology
WOS类目Psychology, Social
WOS记录号WOS:000366315700007
WOS标题词Social Sciences
关键词[WOS]SELF-ENHANCEMENT BIAS ; NATIONAL CHARACTER ; 5-FACTOR MODEL ; PERSONALITY-DISORDERS ; INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES ; ANTISOCIAL-BEHAVIOR ; CRITERION VALIDITY ; FACEBOOK ; INVENTORY ; ESTEEM
引用统计
被引频次:4[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/15388
专题社会与工程心理学研究室
作者单位1.Univ Georgia, Dept Psychol, Athens, GA 30602 USA
2.Univ Deusto, Dept Psychol, Bilbao, Spain
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100864, Peoples R China
4.Koc Univ, Dept Psychol, Istanbul, Turkey
5.Arizona State Univ, Dept Psychol, Tempe, AZ 85287 USA
6.Univ Georgia, Dept Psychol, Athens, GA 30602 USA
7.Univ Exeter, Sch Psychol, Exeter EX4 4QJ, Devon, England
8.Univ Southampton, Sch Psychol, Southampton SO9 5NH, Hants, England
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Miller, Joshua D.,Maples, Jessica L.,Buffardi, Laura,et al. Narcissism and United States' Culture: The View From Home and Around the World[J]. JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY,2015,109(6):1068-1089.
APA Miller, Joshua D..,Maples, Jessica L..,Buffardi, Laura.,Cai, Huajian.,Gentile, Brittany.,...&Campbell, W. Keith.(2015).Narcissism and United States' Culture: The View From Home and Around the World.JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY,109(6),1068-1089.
MLA Miller, Joshua D.,et al."Narcissism and United States' Culture: The View From Home and Around the World".JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY 109.6(2015):1068-1089.
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