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不同注意条件下大数与小数的加工差异
Alternative TitleTHE INFLUENCE OF ATTENTION ON THE EFFECTS OF NUMBER MAGNITUDE IN NUMBER COMPARISON TASK
刘超; 傅小兰
First Author刘超
Correspondent Emailfuxl@psych.ac.cn
Abstract

考察在注意 (注视点 )与非注意 (非注视点 )条件下数字加工的距离效应和符号效应。采用小数 (1~ 4 )和大数 (6~ 9)的中文与阿拉伯数字为材料 ,以判断数字是否大于 5为任务。实验结果表明 :⑴在注意条件下 ,大小数都出现了距离效应 ; 而在非注意条件下 ,只有小数出现距离效应 ; ⑵在注意条件下 ,大小数都没有出现符号效应 ; 而在非注意条件下 ,只有小数出现符号效应 ,中文数字绩效显著好于阿拉伯数字。

Other Abstract

A number comparison task was performed to examine the role of attention in number processing. Two main number comparison effects, number distance effect and number notation effect, were investigated in two attention conditions: attended (fixation) or unattended (3 left or right beside the fixation).Different number magnitude (large : 6~9 & small :1~4) and number notations (Chinese & Arabic) were used. The task is to compare the numbers with 51 The number distance effect and number notation effect were investigated using ANOVA analysis. Both the error rates and RT data showed that, for number distance effect, both large numbers and small numbers had very clear distance effect in attended condition ; however , only small numbers had distinct distance effect in unattended condition. For number notation effect ,both small numbers and large numbers had no notation effect in attended condition ; however , only small numbers showed a significant notation effect (the performance of Chinese numbers were significant better than Arabic numbers) in unattended condition.

Keyword注意 数字加工 数字距离效应 数字符号效应
Subject Area认知心理学
2004
Language中文
Source Publication心理学报
ISSN0439-755X
Volume36Issue:3Pages:307-314
SubtypeArticle
Indexed ByCSCD ; CSSCI ; 中文核心期刊要目总览
Funding Project国家自然科学基金项目 ( 3 0 2 70 466) ; 中国科技部 973项目 ( 2 0 0 2CB3 12 10 3 ) ; 中国科学院心理研究所创新重点项目 ( 0 3 0 2 0 3 7)
CSCD IDCSCD:1627621
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/1768
Collection中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
Corresponding Author傅小兰
Affiliation中国科学院心理研究所知识心理学教研室, 北京 100101, 中国
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
刘超,傅小兰. 不同注意条件下大数与小数的加工差异[J]. 心理学报,2004,36(3):307-314.
APA 刘超,&傅小兰.(2004).不同注意条件下大数与小数的加工差异.心理学报,36(3),307-314.
MLA 刘超,et al."不同注意条件下大数与小数的加工差异".心理学报 36.3(2004):307-314.
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