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Negativity Bias in Dangerous Drivers
Chai, Jing1,2; Qu, Weina1; Sun, Xianghong1; Zhang, Kan1; Ge, Yan1
2016-01-14
Source PublicationPLOS ONE
ISSN1932-6203
SubtypeArticle
Volume11Issue:1Pages:1-15
AbstractThe behavioral and cognitive characteristics of dangerous drivers differ significantly from those of safe drivers. However, differences in emotional information processing have seldom been investigated. Previous studies have revealed that drivers with higher anger/anxiety trait scores are more likely to be involved in crashes and that individuals with higher anger traits exhibit stronger negativity biases when processing emotions compared with control groups. However, researchers have not explored the relationship between emotional information processing and driving behavior. In this study, we examined the emotional information processing differences between dangerous drivers and safe drivers. Thirty-eight non-professional drivers were divided into two groups according to the penalty points that they had accrued for traffic violations: 15 drivers with 6 or more points were included in the dangerous driver group, and 23 drivers with 3 or fewer points were included in the safe driver group. The emotional Stroop task was used to measure negativity biases, and both behavioral and electroencephalograph data were recorded. The behavioral results revealed stronger negativity biases in the dangerous drivers than in the safe drivers. The bias score was correlated with self-reported dangerous driving behavior. Drivers with strong negativity biases reported having been involved in mores crashes compared with the less-biased drivers. The event-related potentials (ERPs) revealed that the dangerous drivers exhibited reduced P3 components when responding to negative stimuli, suggesting decreased inhibitory control of information that is task-irrelevant but emotionally salient. The influence of negativity bias provides one possible explanation of the effects of individual differences on dangerous driving behavior and traffic crashes.
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0147083
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China(31100750 ; Basic Project of National Science and Technology of China(2009FY110100) ; Chinese Academy of Sciences Strategic Leading Science and Technology Special(XDA06030800) ; 31400886)
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectMultidisciplinary Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000368459300064
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology
WOS KeywordEVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS ; EMOTIONAL STROOP TASK ; INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES ; DRIVING BEHAVIOR ; ACCIDENT INVOLVEMENT ; SOCIAL COGNITION ; VISUAL-ATTENTION ; RISK PERCEPTION ; YOUNG DRIVERS ; OLDER-ADULTS
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/19469
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chai, Jing,Qu, Weina,Sun, Xianghong,et al. Negativity Bias in Dangerous Drivers[J]. PLOS ONE,2016,11(1):1-15.
APA Chai, Jing,Qu, Weina,Sun, Xianghong,Zhang, Kan,&Ge, Yan.(2016).Negativity Bias in Dangerous Drivers.PLOS ONE,11(1),1-15.
MLA Chai, Jing,et al."Negativity Bias in Dangerous Drivers".PLOS ONE 11.1(2016):1-15.
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