|Alternative Title||Experience of power and judgmental accuracy|
|Place of Conferral||北京|
|Keyword||权力 自信 词汇判断 客体归类 判断准确性|
为检验我们的假设，研究1，随机分配参与者接受不同的回忆任务（控制组，高权力），以参与者在词汇判断任务（lexical-decision making task）中对刺激材料（非权力词、权力词）做出正确判断的比率作为个体判断准确性的指标，并让参与者完成自信、状态权力感的自评式问卷，初步探讨权力体验对自信以及判断准确性的影响。结果显示，体验权力后，个体的状态权力感越高，则越自信，非权力词（如气体）的判断正确率也越低。进一步发现，自信中介了状态权力感与非权力词的判断正确率间的关系。
为进一步验证假设、保证实验结果的外部一致性，研究2，继续操作了个体的权力体验（低权力，控制组，高权力），以参与者在客体归类任务（object categorization task）中正确判断物体属性（自然物 vs. 人造物）的比率作为个体判断准确性的指标，并让参与者完成权力操作性检查、自信以及状态权力感的自评式问卷。结果显示，体验权力显著降低了男性对人造物做出正确判断的比率，体验权力也显著提高了个体的自信，不过，自信的中介效应并未被验证。
|Other Abstract||Power refers to the ability to control valued resources and outcome of others without social interference. After experiencing power individuals became more confident in their judgment or estimates and more likely to stereotype others. It was also identified that experience of power can bias people’s estimates of time for completing a task. Building on these findings, we propose that the experience of power has a negative effect on one’s judgmental accuracy.|
We predict that:
1): after experiencing power, individuals’ judgmental accuracy would be reduced;
2): powerful people would be more confident;
3): self-confidence would mediate the relationship between the experience of power and judgmental accuracy.
In study 1, with the lexical-decision making task, result showed that high-power participants’ sense of power significantly predicted the judgmental accuracy of words unrelated to power, with more sense of power lower judgmental accuracy of words unrelated to power. Powerful people became more confident. Finally it was found that for high power participants the self-confidence mediate the relationship between sense of power and judgmental accuracy of words unrelated to power.
In study 2, with object categorization task, result showed that male participants
primed with high-power was more likely to make mistakes when judging artificial words. This result suggested that experience of power leads to bad performance. It was also found that powerful participants were more confident. Unfortunately, the mediation effect of self-confidence was not supported.
In summary, the two studies revealed that higher power participants (especially for male) were less accurate in making simple judgments and were more confident. We maintained that probably self-confidence mediated the relationship between experience of power and judgmental accuracy.
|成年. 权力体验与判断准确性[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2014.|
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