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前瞻性人格如何影响情绪耗竭的日常波动: 日记法的证据
Alternative TitleHow Proactive Personality Influences Daily Fluctuations of Emotional Exhaustion: Evidence From Two Diary Studies
Thesis Advisor李永娟
Degree Grantor中国科学院研究生院
Place of Conferral北京
Degree Discipline心理学
Keyword情绪耗竭 日常波动 前瞻性人格 工作控制 日记法
本研究采用日记法,通过两个研究分别探索了大学生和研究生情绪耗竭的日常波动。研究一以102 名大学生为样本进行了连续4 个工作日的日记研究,探讨了情绪耗竭的早晚波动以及前瞻性人格的调节作用。研究二以151 名研究生为样本进行了连续5 个工作日的日记研究,检验了工作控制与前瞻性人格对情绪耗竭日常波动的联合调节作用。
Other AbstractEmotional exhaustion is the core component of job burnout, which has a tremendous negative effect on the work performance and well-being of an individual. Thus, the factors that contribute to emotional exhaustion should be elucidated. However, most previous studies investigated the antecedents and outcomes of emotional exhaustion from between-persons perspective. Emotional exhaustion is generally perceived as relatively stable, chronic mental fatigue experience. The daily fluctuations of, as well as how individual differences contribute to, emotional exhaustion are often overlooked. In this study, we use conservation of resources theory as the theoretical framework. We explore how an individual’s emotional exhaustion fluctuates from morning to evening. We also examine the moderating role of proactive personality from within-person perspective in two different education settings. Moreover, the mixed moderating effects of proactive personality in different situations are also investigated.
This study employed a diary study to test the hypotheses in two studies. A total of 102 university students participated in study 1, in which they completed a daily survey over four consecutive work days. We tested the daily fluctuations of emotional exhaustion and the moderating role of proactive personality. In study 2, 151 graduate students completed a daily survey over five consecutive work days. The joint moderating effects of job control and proactive personality on the daily fluctuations of emotional exhaustion were examined.
Multilevel analyses revealed noteworthy results as follows. (1) Morning and evening emotional exhaustion were significantly positively correlated. (2) Proactive personality significantly moderated the daily fluctuations of emotional exhaustion, and the moderating effect has two sides. Proactive personality may either buffer (weaken the correlation between morning and evening emotional exhaustion) or augment (strengthen the correlation between morning and evening emotional exhaustion) emotional exhaustion. (3) The joint moderating effects of job control and proactive personality were insignificant.
This study explored the short-term fluctuations of emotional exhaustion from within-person perspective. Moreover, the study showed both the adaptive and maladaptive roles of proactive personality. The results extended the existing literature and expanded our understanding of proactive personality. We also discussed the practical implications for educators. Future studies should explore the finer momentary fluctuations of emotional exhaustion and continue examining the boundary conditions of the mixed effects of proactive personality.
Subject Area应用心理学
Document Type学位论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
郭文汇. 前瞻性人格如何影响情绪耗竭的日常波动: 日记法的证据[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2015.
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