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焦点解决短程团体干预对科研院所研究生拖延行为的影响 ——以中国科学院为例
其他题名The effect of Solution-Focused Brief Group Intervention on the procrastination behavior in research institutes: the evidence from the postgraduates from Chinese Academy of Sciences
何 玲
学位类型硕士
导师应用心理
2015-05
学位授予单位中国科学院研究生院
学位授予地点北京
学位专业学心理
关键词Pure拖延问卷 一般自我效能感 自我控制 拖延 干预研究
摘要以往关于拖延的研究主要集中在大学生群体,并侧重于学业拖延,对科研院所研究生关注极少。本研究采用Steel(2010)的观点,认为拖延是自我调节失败而导致非理性延迟的适应不良行为。研究1 对中文版Pure 拖延问卷进行结构效度分析(N1=355, N2=289),形成1个两因子的结构:拖延过程和任务逾期。研究2调查了科研院所硕士研究生的拖延现状。研究3分析了一般自我效能感、自我控制和拖延的关系,为选择合适的干预方法提供了依据。研究4选择焦点解决短程团体干预,采用随机实验组对照组重复测量设计(实验组N=16,对照组N=16)探讨其对改善拖延行为的效果。研究获得如下结果:
(1)科研院所硕士研究生与普通高校硕士研究生的拖延总分不存在显著差异(t = 0.62, p >.05)。在性别、是否独生子女、生长环境等人口学变量上,拖延总分也没有显著差异。
(2)男女在拖延过程因子得分上无显著性差异(t =.23, p >.05),但在任务逾期因子上,男性得分高于女性(t = 2.00*, p < .05)
(3)独生子女与非独生子女在任务逾期因子得分上无显著性差异(t = .010,p > .05),但在拖延过程上,独生子女得分显著高于非独生子女(t = 2.03*, p< .05)。
(4)成长在城镇的学生与成长在农村的学生在任务逾期因子得分上无显著性差异(t =.743,p > .05),但在拖延过程上,生长在城镇的学生得分显著高于生长在农村的学生(t = 2.368*, p < .05)
(5)自我控制在一般自我效能感和拖延之间起着完全中介作用。
(6)重复测量方差分析结果表明,在自我控制、拖延总分、拖延过程和任务逾期得分上,组别主效应显著。
结论:修订后的中文版Pure拖延问卷能够有效应用于科研院所研究生群体。焦点解决短程团体能够通过提升自我控制,从而有效改善拖延。
其他摘要Previous studies on procrastination mainly focused on college students and academic procrastination. However, postgraduates in research institutes were relatively ignored by researchers. Steel(2010)considered procrastination as a kind of self regulating failure, which led to irrational delay and dysfunctional behavior. Study1 aims to improve the construct validity of the Chinese version of the Pure Procrastination Scale (N1=355, N2=289), and puts forward a two-factor model: the Process of Procrastination and the Overdue Task. Study 2 conducts a survey on the current status of the postgraduates in research institutes. Study 3 analyzes the relationship between General Self-Efficacy, Self-Control and Procrastination, thus helping choose appropriate intervention strategy for relieving procrastination. Study 4 takes the Solution-Focused Brief Group Intervention by a randomized experimentcontrol group repeated measurement design (the experimental group: N=16, the controlled group: N=16) to explore its effect on relieving procrastination. The results are as follows:
(1) There is no significant difference between the postgraduates in research institutes (2.72±.74)and the ones in universities (2.70±.74) in the total score of PPS. There is no significant difference on the total score of PPS between different sex, if-only child, grown-up environment and other demographic variables as well.
(2) There is no significant difference between male and female on factor1: the Process of Procrastination, but male get significant higher score than female on factor2: Overdue Task, p < .05, t=2.00*.
(3) There is no significant difference between the only child and the non-only child on factor2: Overdue Task, but the only child get significant higher score than the non-only child on factor1: the Process of Procrastination, p< .05, t=2.03*.
(4) There is no significant difference between children grown up in the downtown and children grown up in the countryside on factor2: Overdue Task, but children grown up in the downtown get significant higher score than children grown up in the countryside on factor1: the Process of Procrastination, p< .05, t=2.03*.
(5) Self-control completely mediates the effect from General Self-Efficacy to
Procrastination.
(6) The results of repeated measures ANOVA show that the main effects of group are significant on the score of Self-Control, Procrastination, the Process of Procrastination, and Overdue Task.
Conclusion: It suggests that the revised Chinese version of the Pure Procrastination Scale is a reliable and valid assessment, thus can be applied in the postgraduates in research institutes. Solution-Focused Brief Group Intervention can effectively relieve procrastination through improving Self-Control.
学科领域应用心理
语种中文
文献类型学位论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/19529
专题社会与工程心理学研究室
作者单位中国科学院心理研究所
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
何 玲. 焦点解决短程团体干预对科研院所研究生拖延行为的影响 ——以中国科学院为例[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2015.
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