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How Early is Infants' Attention to Objects and Actions Shaped by Culture? New Evidence from 24-Month-Olds Raised in the US and China
Waxman, Sandra R.1,2; Fu, Xiaolan3; Ferguson, Brock1; Geraghty, Kathleen4; Leddon, Erin4; Liang, Jing3; Zhao, Min-Fang3
2016-02-05
发表期刊FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN1664-1078
文章类型Article
卷号7
摘要Researchers have proposed that the culture in which we are raised shapes the way that we attend to the objects and events that surround us. What remains unclear, however, is how early any such culturally-inflected differences emerge in development. Here, we address this issue directly, asking how 24-month-old infants from the US and China deploy their attention to objects and actions in dynamic scenes. By analyzing infants' eye movements while they observed dynamic scenes, the current experiment revealed striking convergences, overall, in infants' patterns of visual attention in the two communities, but also pinpointed a brief period during which their attention reliably diverged. This divergence, though modest, suggested that infants from the US devoted relatively more attention to the objects and those from China devoted relatively more attention to the actions in which they were engaged. This provides the earliest evidence for strong overlap in infants' attention to objects and events in dynamic scenes, but also raises the possibility that by 24 months, infants' attention may also be shaped subtly by the culturally-inflected attentional proclivities characteristic of adults in their cultural communities.
关键词infants attention culture dynamic events actions objects china united states
DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00097
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
项目资助者National Science Foundation(BCS 1023300)
WOS研究方向Psychology
WOS类目Psychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS记录号WOS:000369345600001
WOS标题词Social Sciences
关键词[WOS]JAPANESE-SPEAKING CHILDREN ; CONTEXT-SENSITIVITY ; VERB MEANINGS ; PERCEPTION ; NOUNS ; AMERICAN ; ENGLISH ; SPEECH ; EVENTS ; MODELS
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被引频次:3[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/19560
专题认知与发展心理学研究室
作者单位1.Northwestern Univ, Dept Psychol, Evanston, IL USA
2.Northwestern Univ, Inst Policy Res, Evanston, IL USA
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Northwestern Univ, Dept Linguist, Evanston, IL USA
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Waxman, Sandra R.,Fu, Xiaolan,Ferguson, Brock,et al. How Early is Infants' Attention to Objects and Actions Shaped by Culture? New Evidence from 24-Month-Olds Raised in the US and China[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2016,7.
APA Waxman, Sandra R..,Fu, Xiaolan.,Ferguson, Brock.,Geraghty, Kathleen.,Leddon, Erin.,...&Zhao, Min-Fang.(2016).How Early is Infants' Attention to Objects and Actions Shaped by Culture? New Evidence from 24-Month-Olds Raised in the US and China.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,7.
MLA Waxman, Sandra R.,et al."How Early is Infants' Attention to Objects and Actions Shaped by Culture? New Evidence from 24-Month-Olds Raised in the US and China".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 7(2016).
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