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Two Polarities of Attention in Social Contexts: From Attending-to-Others to Attending-to-Self
Kuang, Shenbing
2016-02-01
发表期刊FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN1664-1078
文章类型Editorial Material
卷号7
摘要Social attention is one special form of attention that involves the allocation of limited processing resources in a social context. Previous studies on social attention often regard how attention is directed toward socially relevant stimuli such as faces and gaze directions of other individuals. In contrast to attending-to-others, a different line of researches has shown that self-related information such as own face and name automatically captures attention and is preferentially processed comparing to other related information. These contrasting behavioral effects between attending-to-others and attending-to-self prompt me to consider a synthetic viewpoint for understanding social attention. I propose that social attention operates at two polarizing states: In one extreme, individual tends to attend to the self and prioritize self-related information over others', and, in the other extreme, attention is allocated to other individuals to infer their intentions and desires. Attending-to-self and attending-to-others mark the two ends of an otherwise continuum spectrum of social attention. For a given behavioral context, the mechanisms underlying these two polarities will interact and compete with each other in order to determine a saliency map of social attention that guides our behaviors. An imbalanced competition between these two behavioral and cognitive processes will cause cognitive disorders and neurological symptoms such as autism spectrum disorders and Williams syndrome. I have reviewed both behavioral and neural evidence that support the notion of polarized social attention, and have suggested several testable predictions to corroborate this integrative theory for understanding social attention.
关键词social attention attending-to-others attending-to-self neural mechanism autism spectrum disorders Williams syndrome
DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00063
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
项目资助者Scientific Foundation of Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences(Y3CX112005)
WOS研究方向Psychology
WOS类目Psychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS记录号WOS:000368981500001
WOS标题词Social Sciences
关键词[WOS]FACE PERCEPTION ; EYE-TRACKING ; GAZE ; AUTISM ; COGNITION ; CORE ; RECOGNITION ; ADVANTAGE ; PRIORITY ; STIMULI
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文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/19565
专题脑与认知科学国家重点实验室
作者单位Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, State Key Lab Bran & Cognit Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
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Kuang, Shenbing. Two Polarities of Attention in Social Contexts: From Attending-to-Others to Attending-to-Self[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2016,7.
APA Kuang, Shenbing.(2016).Two Polarities of Attention in Social Contexts: From Attending-to-Others to Attending-to-Self.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,7.
MLA Kuang, Shenbing."Two Polarities of Attention in Social Contexts: From Attending-to-Others to Attending-to-Self".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 7(2016).
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