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Development of Neural Basis for Chinese Orthographic Neighborhood Size Effect
Zhao, Jing1,2; Li, Qing-Lin1,2; Ding, Guo-Sheng3; Bi, Hong-Yan1
2016-02-01
Source PublicationHUMAN BRAIN MAPPING
ISSN1065-9471
SubtypeArticle
Volume37Issue:2Pages:632-647
AbstractThe brain activity of orthographic neighborhood size (N size) effect in Chinese character naming has been studied in adults, meanwhile behavioral studies have revealed a developmental trend of Chinese N-size effect in developing readers. However, it is unclear whether and how the neural mechanism of N-size effect changes in Chinese children along with development. Here we address this issue using functional magnetic resonance imaging. Forty-four students from the 3rd, 5th, and 7th grades were scanned during silent naming of Chinese characters. After scanning, all participants took part in an overt naming test outside the scanner, and results of the naming task showed that the 3rd graders named characters from large neighborhoods faster than those from small neighborhoods, revealing a facilitatory N-size effect; the 5th graders showed null N-size effect while the 7th graders showed an inhibitory N-size effect. Neuroimaging results revealed that only the 3rd graders exhibited a significant N-size effect in the left middle occipital activity, with greater activation for large N-size characters. Results of 5th and 7th graders showed significant N-size effects in the left middle frontal gyrus, in which 5th graders induced greater activation in large N-size condition than in small N-size condition, while 7th graders exhibited an opposite effect which was similar to the adult pattern reported in a previous study. The current findings suggested the transition from broadly tuned to finely tuned orthographic representation with reading development, and the inhibition from neighbors' phonology for higher graders. (C) 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
KeywordChinese character naming orthographic neighborhood reading development left middle occipital gyrus left middle frontal gyrus
DOI10.1002/hbm.23055
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China(31371044 ; 30970910 ; 31170969 ; 31500903)
WOS Research AreaNeurosciences & Neurology ; Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging
WOS SubjectNeurosciences ; Neuroimaging ; Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging
WOS IDWOS:000370243000015
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
WOS KeywordVISUAL WORD RECOGNITION ; CROSS-TASK COMPARISONS ; LEXICAL ACCESS ; FORM AREA ; DEVELOPING READERS ; MANDARIN CHINESE ; READING CHINESE ; FMRI ; FREQUENCY ; ACTIVATION
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/19587
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Beijing Normal Univ, State Key Lab Cognit Neurosci & Learning, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
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Zhao, Jing,Li, Qing-Lin,Ding, Guo-Sheng,et al. Development of Neural Basis for Chinese Orthographic Neighborhood Size Effect[J]. HUMAN BRAIN MAPPING,2016,37(2):632-647.
APA Zhao, Jing,Li, Qing-Lin,Ding, Guo-Sheng,&Bi, Hong-Yan.(2016).Development of Neural Basis for Chinese Orthographic Neighborhood Size Effect.HUMAN BRAIN MAPPING,37(2),632-647.
MLA Zhao, Jing,et al."Development of Neural Basis for Chinese Orthographic Neighborhood Size Effect".HUMAN BRAIN MAPPING 37.2(2016):632-647.
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