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Problematic Internet Users Show Impaired Inhibitory Control and Risk Taking with Losses: Evidence from Stop Signal and Mixed Gambles Tasks
Li, Qi1; Nan, Weizhi1,2; Taxer, Jamie3; Dai, Weine1,2; Zheng, Ya4; Liu, Xun1
2016-03-17
Source PublicationFRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN1664-1078
SubtypeArticle
Volume7Issue:0Pages:370
AbstractAccording to the balance model of self-regulation, dysfunction of the inhibitory control and reward processing might be a behavioral marker for addiction and problematic behaviors. Although several studies have separately examined the inhibitory control or reward processing of individuals exhibiting problematic Internet use (PIU), no study has explored these two functions simultaneously to examine the potential imbalance of these functions. This study aimed to investigate whether the self-regulatory failure of PIU individuals results from deficits in both inhibitory control [indexed with the stop signal reaction time (SSRT) in a stop signal task] and risk taking with losses (measured as the acceptance rates of risky gables or the ratio of win/loss in a mixed gambles task). The results revealed that PIU individuals, compared with controls, showed decreased SSRT and increased error rates as well as reduced risk taking with losses. Correlational analyses revealed a significant positive relationship between the SSRT and risk taking with losses. These findings suggest that both the inhibitory control and reward functions are impaired in PIU individuals and reveal an association between these two systems. These results strengthen the balance model of self-regulation theory's argument that deficits in inhibitory control and risk taking with losses may assist in identifying risk markers for early diagnosis, progression, and prediction of PIU.
Keywordproblematic Internet use inhibition response risk taking with losses cognitive control reward processing
DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00370
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China(31571161 ; National Social Science Foundation of China(14ZDB161) ; China Scholarship Council ; 31200782 ; 31500872)
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000372084500001
WOS HeadingsSocial Sciences
WOS KeywordRESPONSE-INHIBITION ; DECISION-MAKING ; LOSS AVERSION ; TOURETTE-SYNDROME ; ADDICTION ; ALCOHOL ; DEPENDENCE ; REWARD ; IMPULSIVITY ; DISORDER
Citation statistics
Cited Times:3[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/19695
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Stanford Univ, Dept Psychol, Stanford Psychophysiol Lab, Stanford, CA USA
4.Dalian Med Univ, Dept Psychol, Dalian, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Qi,Nan, Weizhi,Taxer, Jamie,et al. Problematic Internet Users Show Impaired Inhibitory Control and Risk Taking with Losses: Evidence from Stop Signal and Mixed Gambles Tasks[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2016,7(0):370.
APA Li, Qi,Nan, Weizhi,Taxer, Jamie,Dai, Weine,Zheng, Ya,&Liu, Xun.(2016).Problematic Internet Users Show Impaired Inhibitory Control and Risk Taking with Losses: Evidence from Stop Signal and Mixed Gambles Tasks.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,7(0),370.
MLA Li, Qi,et al."Problematic Internet Users Show Impaired Inhibitory Control and Risk Taking with Losses: Evidence from Stop Signal and Mixed Gambles Tasks".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 7.0(2016):370.
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