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Alternative TitleA Training Study of Inhibition In The Elderly
1 训练组在标准任务上的成绩有明显提高,表明抑制控制功能具有可塑性;
2 在与训练任务类似的听觉计算广度上有近迁移效应,但在其他任务上未出现近迁移效应;
3 在测量液态智力的卡特尔文化公平测验上有远迁移效应,表明抑制训练改善了老年人的液态智力;
4 在标准任务和迁移任务(听觉计算广度和卡特尔文化公平测验)上的训练获益能够保持12周。
Other AbstractAs one of the important fundamental cognitive functions, inhibition has close related with working memory, reading comprehension and fluid intelligence. Hasher and her colleagues suggested that deficits in general inhibition abilities of older adults account for the decline of working memory in older adults, and then caused cognitive aging. Based on this, this study was designed to focus on three different kinds of inhibition, means access, deletion, restraint, and to explore the plasticity and transferability of inhibition. A sample of 18 healthy older adults received 12 training sessions over one month, each lasted about 1 hour (three sessions per week). We assessed training gains, potential transfer effects and maintenance effects after 1 month’s training. Computer practice and body games were chose to make up training patterns; near transfer tasks included auditory reading with distraction and auditory computation span task, farer near transfer tasks included directed forgetting and digital cancellation task; far transfer tasks included working memory and fluid intelligence which were regarded have close correlation with inhibition, and anotherthree measures cognitive domains: processing speed, spatial ability and episodic memory, the composition of general intelligence.
The results indicated that: 1) trained older adults showed substantial improvement on the criterion tasks immediately after training. 2) training gains could transfer to auditory computation span task and Cattell’s Culture Fair Scale. 3) the gains of inhibition training can be generalized to fluid intelligence. 4)training effects and transfer effects can be maintained over 12 weeks.
Subject Area发展与教育心理学
Keyword抑制控制 认知训练 认知可塑性 近迁移效应 远迁移效应
Degree Discipline心理学
Degree Grantor中国科学院研究生院
Place of Conferral北京
Document Type学位论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
王君. 老年抑制控制功能的训练研究[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2013.
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